It took us a long time to evolve from a species that believed in ‘survival of the fittest’ to a society that believes in ‘Equality’. And to ensure that it stays like that, we made rules that no one can break. Then, these rules became law. The laws that protect us, the laws that gave us our rights and the laws which help us remain humans.
With law becoming the centre of everything, the study of law gained popularity. This trend was passed on to India as well. Ambedkar was a lawyer. So was Gandhi. If I am to name all our heroes who studied law, the list will never end. But what to do after LLB?
The academic field which was once meant to enlighten its practitioners has now become one of the most sought out professions for those who wish to make it big. From becoming an advocate to occupying a top-level employee in a corporation, an LLB degree presents you with immense possibilities. In this article, we are going to look at a few career options after BA LLB.
Career options after LLb: Advocate
This one was obvious, right?
‘An advocate’ is the first answer to expect when you ask someone about the career options after LLB. Yes, the people who go to courts in those black gowns. If you’re looking for a definition, an advocate is someone who is qualified to represent a client during the judicial proceedings. You will see them in courts, taking part in the legal proceedings. According to USlegal, An advocate is ‘a person, who assists, defends, pleads or prosecutes for the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court.’
So, how to become an advocate? You must be knowing that completing LLB will only make you a Lawyer, the one who studies law. But to become an advocate you’ve to go a little further. Once you pass out of a law college, you will have to do a compulsory internship under a practising advocate. After that, you have to become a member of the bar council to start independent practice.
Career options after LLb: Legal advisor
Let’s say the government is about to present a new bill. Whom do they consult for advice before taking it to the house of people? The most common answer would be ‘A Legal Advisor’.
A legal adviser is a law professional who is capable of providing legal advice to his or her clients. He or she must be an expert in the field and are often consulted to avoid legal conflicts or litigation. They are hired by corporations, business organizations, and government institutions.
As a part of the government, they hold various positions like legal advisors to elected representatives of political parties, legal officers in government institutions etc. While in business organizations, they serve as legal consultants or corporate lawyers. Many legal consultants offer independent services to their clients.
The minimum qualification to become a legal advisor is to have an LLB degree. But to get hired by a government or organization or a private business enterprise, you will need a few years of experience and also incredible talent.
Career options after LLB: Judicial services exams
Now, let’s go to the top tier of the food chain. That’s where higher-ranked law professionals like magistrates and judges are. They are the individuals who hold the highest authority in a court and are responsible for making decisions after the hearing of a case in the court.
Now, how to become a judge/magistrate in India? Here, there are lower-level judicial services and higher-level judicial services.
To become a grade-2 civil judge, the minimum qualification is to have an LLB degree in hand. If that’s done, you can appear for the judicial services exams. These exams are conducted by respective high courts of different states to fill the vacancies available. The exams include three stages. Namely, the preliminary stage, the mains, and personal interview. If the candidate qualifies through the exams, he or she will be given magistrate roles. Later, they climb up the ladder to become civil judges, judicial judges and senior judges on the basis of seniority.
But to qualify for the position of judges in higher-level courts, an LLB degree won’t be enough. A law degree along with at least 7 years of practice in a higher level court is a mandatory requirement to appear for the judicial services exams to the higher courts.
Can’t clear the exams? Don’t worry. If you are really popular among your colleagues and have more than 10 years of experience practising as an advocate, you might get called up to become the judge in a higher level court without having to clear the judicial services examination.
What to do after LLB? Join JAG corps in the Indian Armed forces
How about joining the army? Not as a trooper on the field, but as a law professional. Yes, you heard me right. Indian army has a wing of law professionals known as the Judge Advocate General branch. This branch includes legally qualified army officers. JAG corps of officers take care of all law-related matters for the army. Their responsibilities include representing the army in certain matters as well as assisting the presiding officers in case of court-martials.
Most officers of JAG corps start as army lawyers. Just like a civilian advocate, they represent either the defence or the prosecution during court-martials. Officers Under this entry are mostly law graduates and they work exclusively with military personnel. JAG officers can work within any branch of the Indian armed forces.
A Jag will go through the same educational process as a civilian lawyer. But they need to learn military law along with the general law. They either become a JAG officer after joining the military, or they may enter the military with the JAG requirements completed.
The recruitment to this legal wing happens either through direct JAG entry scheme recruitment or by taking in qualified officers from other wings. One has to meet the physical as well as medical eligibility requirements to opt for the JAG entry scheme. This involves a preliminary screening stage followed by the SSB screening test and the medical stage. So, if you are passionate about serving the nation, JAG after LLB is something you can think about.
Career options after LLB: Corporate lawyers
With all those norms, agreements and transactions, how can the corporate world run without lawyers? In fact, they have a group of lawyers who specializes in corporate law. For those who don’t know what corporate law is, it is a framework that consists of rules, regulations, and practices that oversee the establishment and functioning of corporations.
As a corporate lawyer, one will be expected to ensure that the company functions within the framework of general as well as corporate roles, act as a legal advisor in case of disputes, establish terms of agreements between the company and it’s stakeholders. One can become a corporate lawyer by completing the LLB course and also specializing in corporate law. A few years of experience in corporate law can help you find a reputed job. Trust me, it’s going to be hectic. Lots of responsibilities on your head and also heavy competition from the people who did CA or CS. But once you are set, you get paid a lot.
Higher studies: LLM after LLB
What to do after LLB? LLM. It is a post-graduate program for law graduates in India. An LLB degree or an equivalent qualification is the minimum requirement to join LLM programs in most reputed law schools in the country. So, if you are done with your LLB and is not planning to take up a job, LLM is a good choice. This two-year program allows a law student to go deeper into the subject. People usually go for LLM if they are planning to continue in the academic fields. It is always advocated to gain a little bit of legal experience before taking up LLB.
Career after LLB: Teaching
What to do after LLB? Teach! Yeah, we end up here all the time. If you wish to share your knowledge, teaching is the best choice. As we all know, it is one of the noblest professions in the world. But just LLB won’t make you qualified to teach law. You will need to go for LLM and take a Ph.D. in law to become a professor in law colleges.
To get into reputed private law colleges as a lecturer, a few years of relevant experience as a law practitioner will be necessary. You may not make as much as you make as a popular advocate or a corporate lawyer, but if you are looking for a reasonably stable income and is passionate about teaching, you won’t regret choosing to be a teacher.
What to do after LLB? A number of choices await you after BA LLB. From becoming a corporate lawyer to joining the army, the possibilities are immense. The choice depends on who you are and what you want to become. After all, you need to give ears to what you really need to do. We hope the illustrated analysis have powered up your insights and widened your perspectives about the career options after LLB. Always remember that you make your own destiny. Make sure that you invest time and thought before making your life-changing decisions.