8 long semesters, 50+ exams, hectic schedules, and head-breaking practicals! Once you have jumped over these life-taking hurdles, hurray! Your great engineering dream is done and dusted! Well, it sure calls for a much-deserved holiday.
But what’s after BTech? Have you thought of a plan? Remember, you are out of the comfortable shells that pampered your college life. So, it’s always the best to venture into the world with a plan. The question is ‘What to do after Engineering???”.
‘What’ after engineering? Why should engineers plan ahead?
Let me list out a few statistics that inspire panic!
Engineering is one of the most common career choices in India. According to the reports available, India produces 1.5 million engineers every year as opposed to 95,000 in the United States. The number of engineering colleges in the country has doubled in the last 10 years. Around 4000 engineering colleges are now functioning in the country under AICTE when compared to the 1500 colleges 10 years ago.
It is the great Indian dream to have an engineer at home. Or if possible, a dozen of them. But the reality is that the country is saturated with engineers. That makes the situation worse. In the current scenario, having an engineering degree doesn’t guarantee you anything. So, it’s time to think about ‘What to do after BTech?’
So, what are the career options after BTech?
The most common choices are to either continue your studies or to take up a job after BTech. Making a choice is tough. While jobs can provide you immediate financial aid and practical exposure, a graduate degree won’t be enough for you to excel in your field of interest.
Now, let’s look at the possibilities after BTech.
Higher studies after BTech
So, a good number of students opt for higher studies after BTech to have an edge over their competitors. Even then, you need to make choices. As a matter of fact, choices are not a bad thing. Here are a few career options after BTech to choose from if you are planning to go for higher studies.
Go for masters after BTech
Want to dig a bit deeper into the subject? Got a few years and resources to spare? Then, going for masters is a great choice after BTech. A Masters program will let you specialize in your field of interest.
Most major engineering institutes in the country offer MTech courses for engineering graduates. If that’s not what you are looking for, try for MS abroad after BTech. Let’s take a look at the difference between the two most popular choices.
– MTech after BTech
Are you the kind of person who wants to do what everyone else does? Then, it’s MTech for you. It is the most common choice made by Indian engineering students while applying for higher studies after BTech. MTech is a two-year postgraduate course students can take up after BTech.
So, how to go about it?
Here, ‘where you study’ matters a lot. If you’re to dig deeper, you need the right spade. Not all institutes around will provide you the best faculty and infrastructure. You won’t be able to impress anyone if your MTech is from one of those low ranked colleges.
In India, IITs are the best choice for students who opt for higher studies after BTech. If you can’t make it, go for the best NITs or state-sponsored universities such as Anna University and Jadavpur University. Even a few private universities like Birla institute of technology offers high-quality education.
The next question is, how to get in?
You need to clear GATE after BTech to get into IITs or NITs. Even a few of the best private universities consider GATE scores for admission.
GATE is a national level examination jointly conducted by the 7 IITs and IISc.
A number of scholarships are available to candidates who clear GATE.
A valid GATE score will make you eligible for a stipend of Rs 12400 INR per month. Also, there are various kinds of contingency funds for Masters candidates as per MHRD norms. AryaBhatta Research Scholarship is another prestigious scholarship available to candidates with GATE.
Reputed institutions also offer programs such as student exchange and research internship programs.
What if you don’t clear GATE?
A few reputed state and central universities like Aligarh Muslim University and Hyderabad University provide admission to MTech courses without considering GATE scores. Most of them conduct separate entrance examinations for admission.
So, where will MTech lead you?
The most common choice is to join the industry. MTech graduates often join the research and development wing in government organizations like ISRO or reputed private companies. A few choose to continue in the academic field as teachers or research assistants. Going for a PhD is also a preferred choice for few after MTech.
– MS abroad after BTech
What about the best universities in the world for masters? What about doing it in a foreign country?
You won’t find MTech among the programs offered by the best foreign universities. What? They don’t offer Masters programs after BTech?
No, that’s not the case. It’s called MS there. Different places, different names.
MS is of two different types. MS by research and MS by course work.
· MS by course work
MS by course work is suitable for students who wish to take up industrial roles later in their career. Just like MTech, you will get to specialize in your preferred field during this program.
· MS by research
Is research your thing? Then, think about MS by research.
It is a research-oriented masters program engineering students can take up. Here, you read theoretical papers, implement them, come up with unique ideas for your own research and publish your paper in reputed journals.
Unlike MTech or MS by course work, you don’t have to gobble the entire course. Just the subjects required for your paper will do. Lucky you! Then, either look for jobs or continue towards Ph.D.
Fewer exams! Fewer worries! Focus on your paper; it will give you your degree.
If you have no plan to go abroad, a few Institutions in India like IIT Madras and IIT Bombay also offer MS by research programs.
So, how to go about it?
Again, you got plenty of career options to choose from. Most students prefer the US, UK, Australia, or Germany for MS. It can take 1-3 years depending on the country and the university you opt for.
You need to clear GRE to get into reputed foreign universities for MS. The Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) is a standardized test that analyses critical thinking, analytical writing, verbal reasoning, and quantitative reasoning skills. GRE scores are an admission requirement for most Tech colleges and business schools in the United States and Canada. The GRE is owned and administered by Educational Testing Service’
Other than this, you are expected to clear language tests specified by different countries to secure an admission. Cracking IELTS or TOEFL is necessary to get into universities in US, Canada, UK, Australia, and New Zealand.
Couldn’t clear the English language tests? Germany is waiting for you. Even a very low score in English language tests or proficiency in German language can get you admission to most German universities.
But if you are going to do your masters in any of these countries, it is going to cost you an arm and a leg. But to promote student exchange programs, most of these countries offer scholarships to meritorious students. So, if you don’t wish to break the bank, better look for the scholarships available in the country you opted for.
· Short term courses after BTech
What if you are someone who wishes to go deeper into your field, but doesn’t want to spend two or three years on masters? MS or MTech is out of the question for you. Then, short term courses are your cheat keys.
Not all of us have a few more years to spare or a few extra bucks to shed. Short term courses after BTech can help you gain in-depth professional knowledge in your area of interest. Take up what you want and forget about the rest. Moreover, it can add to your credibility as most short term courses offer professional work experience to students who enroll for this program. The programs available to you will depend on the subject you took for BTech and the institute you apply to.
Web designing courses, Java and advanced Java framework, BIM, CAD, UI or UX development framework course, DBA-MySQL, etc. are the most popular short term courses after BE/BTech. These courses will take 3-6 months to complete. The fee will depend on the institution you opt for. It can range from Rs 15000 to Rs 200000. Engineers also take up courses in digital marketing and SEO. Courses in IOT, VLSI design, embedded systems, and design and automobile mechanics can open up new employment opportunities.
Look for jobs after BTech
If you’re not up for higher studies, let’s look at the most common choice students make after BTech.
With most of the country’s population belonging to the middle class or below, education is always associated with high paying jobs. This is particularly true for engineers. In fact, most students enroll in engineering colleges with the expectation of getting high paying jobs.
If you are an engineering graduate who wants to continue in the field and has no plan to take up higher studies, it’s better to try for a job right after BTech. But let me tell you this. It’s no bed of roses. Of course, it will be just a piece of cake if you’re from one of those IITs or the top 5 NITs.
But if that’s not the case, you will always find a hundred others trying for the same job if you are in India.
It’s a race!
Now, let’s look at the choices available to you.
· Look for jobs in a private company after BTech
Ever heard people boasting about the package they got after college? How many times did your teacher tell you about the guy who got placed in an MNC? Haven’t your seniors told you stories about company-sponsored parties?
If that’s what you are interested in, get into one of those big MNCs who recruit engineers from India. If they find the right guy in you, there is no going back. With major global brands coming to India in search of cheap labor, plenty of employment opportunities are available to engineering graduates across the country.
Yes, you need to have what they are looking for. Every engineer in this country won’t find it that easy. Though there are a lot of jobs, the supply this country can offer in terms of the number of engineering graduates looking for a job is much more than the demand. So, it’s all about how you score more than your competitors in front of your recruiters. Here are some tips.
– Make maximum use of campus placements.
Most reputed engineering colleges offer campus placements to ease the process of finding jobs for their students. If your placement cell is good enough, major companies will recruit you with good packages. Moreover, it will be easier to get a job through campus placements than outside. Less the competition, more your chances of getting a job.
– Impress the recruiters with your portfolio
It’s all about what your recruiter sees in you. Filling your resume with projects you took up, internships you did and competitions you won can help you in getting the attention of the recruiter. They will grade an innovative project you came up with more than the marks you scored in your final semester. You must have seen students with back papers getting placed in reputed companies. Guess why?
· Go for government jobs after BTech
Who will say no to a government job in India? Not many, right? Most Indians are obsessed with Sarkari Naukri. Doesn’t matter what the person does or what he studied, a government job will always get the first preference. You can’t blame them. When compared to the highly unstable private sector in the country, government jobs can offer you a high salary, job security, hassle-free work atmosphere, and employee benefits. Then, why not try for government jobs after BTech? Let’s look at a few ways in which you can grab a government job after Engineering.
– Civil service after BTech
Who doesn’t want to get into civil service, if given a chance?
It can fetch you a good salary, high social status, and the satisfaction from serving your country. The increasing popularity and awareness about the stream have made civil service one of the most sought after choices for engineering students.
Moreover, an engineering background can give you an upper hand in many areas while attempting to get into civil service. According to the data published by UPSC in their annual reports, candidates with an engineering background have dominated civil service examinations for the last 10 years.
Why is that?
During engineering, you complete a vast syllabus in a limited period of time. This will help you develop time management skills. It will favor you during UPSC exams. As students develop advanced levels of quantitative aptitude, analytical skills and mental ability during BTech, the qualifying paper (CSAT) will be relatively easy for them. Furthermore, general studies papers include science and technology. Engineers will find it easier to crack. Even the soft skills you learn during hectic semesters can give you an edge while trying to crack the civil service exam.
– An IES officer after BTech?
If civil service is too much competition for you, try Indian Engineering Services (IES) after BTech. This is a dedicated wing for engineers. IES serves the technical and managerial functions of the government of India in the field of engineering. After BTech, you are required to clear IES exams conducted by UPSC to become an IES officer. The examination is mainly conducted for four main branches of engineering. Namely, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electronics, and Telecommunication Engineering. The pay scale for an IES officer is similar to that of Civil service.
– Join PSU companies after BTech
Ever heard of PSU companies? They are the companies in which state or central governments hold 51% percent or more shares. PSU companies include areas such as service, banking, heavy industries, telecom, etc. SAIL, ONGC, NTPC, CIL, IOCL, BHEL, GAIL & BPCL are major PSU companies you can try getting into after BTech. The recruitment process happens through GATE exams. So, even if you are not looking to pursue masters, you can still go ahead and write GATE to grab a job in one of those PSU companies.
We discussed both private company jobs and government jobs. If you’re still confused about what to do after BTech, it’s time to go a bit further. If it’s not money that drives you to take up a job, let’s look at a few choices that will give you the chance to serve.
· Want to make the world a better place?
Is there any engineer in the country who hasn’t watched 3 Idiots? A big ‘NO’ would be the answer. Remember how the movie ends?
The long quest for Rancho ends in a Himalayan village. Raju and Farhan are excited to finally see Rancho. Silencer is glad to know that he is a school teacher. He thinks that’s a major step back in his career.
But Rancho was changing the world. He was using his technical knowledge to help the world. Doesn’t sound like a bad place to be, right? Yes, it’s actually much better. If you wish to give back to the world and help people, you will have a lot of options after BTech.
What should I do?
Many NGOs can give you the chance to go to the underdeveloped world and help people. It may not pay you like a corporate job. But if what you want is more than just money and your heart wishes to serve, working for NGOs can be an option for you. Try applying for fellowship programs like ‘Teach for India’ and ‘SBI Youth for India’. If you qualify, they will teach you what to do.
· Join the defense after BTech
All of us have dreamt of wearing the defense uniform as a kid. We all raised our hands once when our teacher asked if we wish to serve our nation. Those heavy boots and badges are still a matter of pride. We grew up, ambitions changed, we took a different route.
If you still have that dream hidden somewhere inside your heart, it’s not over yet. Indian defense offers plenty of opportunities for engineers in their technical wing. Wars are not won by guns anymore. The one who holds the best technology has an upper hand. Getting into the technical wings of Army/Navy/Airforce can help you achieve your dream. Moreover, it will pay you well for serving your nation. If you are up for it, prepare for SSB interviews after BTech.
So, how to get till SSB screening process?
The easiest route for engineers is through University Entry Scheme (UES). But, you can’t appear for this after graduation. Under UES, the screening process for candidates to the technical wing will happen in your college. If you are already out of college, you can appear for Combined Defense Service (CDS) exams conducted by UPSC.
If you qualify, you will be called for SSB screening process. If you wish to join Air force or the NAVY, you should appear for AFCAT and GSES exams respectively.
We looked at the possible routes to continue in the engineering field after BTech. What if you are not meant for that? Or, are you open to new possibilities? Then, let’s look at a few career options you can take up.
Go for MBA after BTech
If engineering is no more your first love and you are bored of machines, think about MBA. It’s a deadly combo recruiters look for. You will often see tech giants like Accenture and TCS persuading their engineers to take up MBA by providing incentives and study aids.
It’s not necessary that you’ve to stick to the same stream till the end of your career. Most engineers get bored with repeating algorithms after a few years, especially if you are someone who followed ‘everyone’ and took up engineering.
An MBA in your resume can help you take up management roles in your organization. Especially if you’re from one of the lesser-known colleges, an MBA from esteemed institutions like IIM can take your resume to a different level.
And of all the engineers in three idiots who else can afford to gift a watch worth 4 lakhs? Unless you’re Rancho, MBA after engineering is always more money and more control over what you do.
So, what to do?
MBA in India
You’ve to write CAT to get into IIMS in the country. One of the IIMs conducts this test every year on a rotation basis. Many major management colleges consider CAT scores for admissions. Top private institutes like Symbiosis institute of management and XLRI conduct their own national level exams for admissions. Other popular entrance tests for MBA admissions are MAT, NMAT, and CMAT.
If you think you can crack the examination and get into one of the country’s premium institutes, go for it. You will be able to choose your specialization. You don’t necessarily have to go for the most common choices like sales, marketing or HR. Electives like International Relations, Finance, Operations, and many others are available to you.
Taking an MBA from abroad has become very popular among BTech graduates. While it can surely give you an edge over MBA from India, it’s much tougher to get into reputed foreign business schools. You need to clear IELTS or TOEFL to apply for reputed universities abroad. Though not a mandatory requirement, most institutes consider GMAT or GRE scores as well for admissions. But you’re more likely to get rejected if you apply right after graduation. Relevant experience is mandatory to get into MBA colleges abroad.
All these choices are for people who wish to take up a job or continue studies. But, what if you don’t want to do both? Want to know about ‘what to do after BTech’?
Be an entrepreneur after BTech
Are you someone who prefers to choose the ‘road not taken’? Do you think you can make a difference? Hate working under somebody?
Then, try becoming your own boss. Sounds good?
If that’s what you want to do and you have a unique idea, becoming an entrepreneur is something you should think about. Entrepreneurship is the ‘new thing’ around. Maybe, you should try it.
But do not get carried away by the idea of becoming popular and rich in very little time. It may happen, but consider this as a learning opportunity. It requires time and investment. Becoming an entrepreneur also involves a lot of risk depending on your mode of operation. So, think twice before taking a step. Let’s see if you can become a global leader one day.
We looked at almost all the things an engineer can take up after BTech. But what if you don’t fit under any of these categories? Is your heart somewhere else?
What to do after BTech? Follow your passion!!!
After four years in an engineering college, Farhan finally listens to his heart. He walks out before the campus placements to follow his passion. Didn’t it feel good to watch that? It was heartwarming! Engineering was never his passion.
It’s time to think about you. Do you regret taking up engineering? Do you think it’s not what you are meant for? Then, it’s time to think about whether to continue in the field. When Farhan was born, his father was quick to tell everyone ‘Mera beta engineer banega.’ In India, many students take up engineering just because someone else decided it for them.
Most of them later join the ‘unemployable’ workforce that comes out of Indian engineering colleges every year. If you think it’s not where you should be, it’s never too late for a career change. Why do you have to waste your life doing what you don’t like when your passion awaits you with everything you need? Of course, you will face challenges. But if you think you can overcome them, you’ll get a chance to live your life to the fullest.
So, it’s all about what you choose to do after those four years. Your choices are not limited to going for a job or continuing studies after BTech. If you think you took the wrong route, it’s time to go back. After all, you need to give ears to what you really need to do. We hope the illustrated analysis have powered up your insights and widened your perspectives about the career options after BTech. Always remember that you make your own destiny. Make sure that you invest time and thought before making your life-changing decisions.