Emergency Medical Technology

As an emergency medical technician (EMT), you will be working in a specialised medical field concerned with the care of illnesses and injuries requiring immediate medical attention. You will be trained to respond quickly to emergency situations regarding medical issues, traumatic injuries and accident scenes.

What do Emergency Medical Technician do?

The work of an emergency medical technician mainly involves providing assistance to the emergency physicians/specialists in the treatment of patients who have life threatening conditions. They may have to respond to emergency calls to provide efficient and immediate care to the critically ill and injured, and to transport the patient to a medical facility.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Administer first aid treatment to sick or injured people
  • Checked Act quickly and try all possible ways to save life in critical situations
  • Checked Perform emergency diagnostic and treatment procedures
  • Checked Take care of airway management, heart monitoring, oxygen supply during ambulance ride
  • Checked Observe and record the patient’s condition and reactions to treatments
  • Checked Assess the nature and extent of injury/illness to prioritize medical procedures

What job roles can an Emergency Medical Technician take up?

Emergency Medical Technician has to respond quickly to emergency situations regarding traumatic injuries and accidents.
Fire and Rescue services respond to emergency situations and protect people, environment and property from all types of accidents and emergencies
An ambulance attendant is someone who helps out the ambulance crew with various tasks which includes providing emergency care at the basic life support level, including CPR and first aid.
An EMT can work as a Medical Social worker by providing medical care in emergency situations as part of social service organizations, NGOs etc.

How to become an Emergency Medical Technician?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Biology, Chemistry and Physics

A candidate seeking admission to emergency medical technology courses shall have studied Physics, Chemistry and Biology as principal subjects at the 10+2 level or its equivalent.

Note: Certificate in Medical Emergency Technology (CMET)

Candidates can also join certificate courses in this field after completing their 10th.

Step 2
Take Bachelor's Degree

The duration of emergency medical technology courses is four years including a 12 months compulsory internship. Bachelor's degrees in emergency medical technology are available in different names like BSc Accident and Emergency Care Technology and BSc Emergency Medical Technology.

Note: Diploma programs

Emergency medical care aspirants are also eligible to take admission to diploma programs after completing their 10+2.

Step 3
Take Masters Degree

A person with a bachelor’s degree in emergency medical technology or its equivalent from a recognized institution shall be eligible for admission into the PG courses. The duration of PG courses is usually 2

Note: Postgraduate diploma programs

Post-Graduate Diploma Courses are also available in the field of emergency medical care. The names of these programs might vary from institute to institute.

Emergency Medicine Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in emergency medicine

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

Foreign (For admission into MSc Critical Care at the University of Glasgow)

  • A relevant health professional qualification
  • Current or recent employment within a critical care setting
  • A minimum of one to two years' experience in critical care practice
  • English language requirements : IELTS overall score 6.5 no sub-test less than 6.0 or PTE Academic (Pearson Test of English, Academic test): 60; no sub-test less than 59.
  • One reference letter on headed paper

    Useful link

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required


Patients who are sick or injured may be in extreme pain or distress. An emergency medical technician has to treat patients with care and compassion.

Problem solving skills

An emergency medical technician needs to evaluate the patient's condition and act quickly if a patient’s life is threatened.

Detail oriented

An emergency medical technician must accurately monitor and record the condition of the patient.

Time Management

An emergency medical technician should have the skill in managing time to act quickly to save the patient's life.


An emergency medical technician has to coordinate a lot of things with others in order to work effectively.


  • Checked Hospitals
  • Checked Ambulance Services