Medical Laboratory Sciences

As a medical laboratory technician, you assist physicians to verify the causes of an illness, make medical decisions and determine treatment options using various medical laboratory tests.

What does a medical laboratory technician do?

Medical lab technicians work in hospitals and private laboratories (clinical or research) performing routine duties like collecting, processing and analyzing specimens. They examine and analyse blood, body fluids, tissues, and cells so that clinicians can determine the causes of illness and the extent of injury. Medical lab technicians are responsible for performing lab procedures and maintaining instruments.

What does a typical day at work involve for a medical laboratory technician?

  • Checked Maintaining and operating standard laboratory equipment like centrifuges, titrators, pipetting machines and pH meters etc
  • Checked Ensuring that the laboratory is well-stocked and everything is clearly and correctly labelled
  • Checked Testing and analyzing bodily fluids, such as blood and urine by using a microscope or automatic analyzer
  • Checked Setting up, maintaining, and cleaning medical laboratory equipment and collecting blood or tissue samples from patients
  • Checked Performing laboratory tests to produce reliable and precise data to support medical treatments
  • Checked Accurately doing the analysis and preparing specimen and samples
  • Checked Following and ensuring strict safety procedures and safety checks
  • Checked Conducting blood tests for blood transfusion purposes and performing blood counts
  • Checked Supervising other technicians and laboratory assistants
  • Checked Maintaining and recording tests and results
  • Checked Keeping up to date with technical developments and new methodologies

What areas can a medical lab technician specialise in?

Deals with performing the routine, advanced and specialized tests on blood samples and its components for transfusions.
Deals with preparing specimens and performing the chemical analysis of body fluids.
Deals with the examination and identification of bacteria and other disease causing organisms.
Deals with the study of the human immune system and how it works.
Deals with performing the molecular analysis of human biological materials.

How to become a medical laboratory technician?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Biology, Chemistry and Physics

A candidate seeking admission to Medical Lab Technologist or Technician courses should have qualified 10+2 or equivalent with 50% marks in English, Physics, Chemistry & Biology.


Taking a vocational stream with Medical Lab Technology as one of the subjects at +2 level, will be an added advantage.

Step 2
Take Bachelor's Degree

Undergraduate courses in medical lab science are available in different names like BSc Medical Lab Technology and BMLT(Bachelor of Medical Lab Technology) . The duration of these courses is three years . A few institutions provide 4 year degree programs as well.

Note 1:DMLT (Diploma in Medical Lab Technology)

DMLT is a 2 year undergraduate diploma program and the qualification required is passing 10+2 or equivalent.

Note 2:Certification Medical Lab Technology(CMLT)

Certification courses in Medical Lab Technology are also available after 10+2 or equivalent examination.

Step 3
Take Master’s Degree

A person with a bachelor's Degree in Medical Lab Technology from a recognized institution would be eligible for admission in PG courses like MMLT OR MSc MLT. The duration of these courses is two years.

Note:Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Lab Technology

The eligibility and duration of the course can depend on the college/university. Most colleges prefer BMLT graduates and duration is usually one year.

Medical Laboratory Sciences Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in medical laboratory sciences

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture


  • Entrance examination during December

Foreign Institutes (Auckland University of Technology)

  • Have completed the Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Science with a B grade average or higher in papers at level 7, or equivalent
  • IELTS (Academic) 6.5 overall with all bands 6.0 or higher, or equivalent or TOEFL iBT score of 90

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Ability to use technology

Medical lab technicians must understand and should have sound knowledge in using computerized lab equipment.

Detail oriented

Medical lab technicians must follow the exact instructions provided to them and should perform the tests and analysis correctly avoiding even minute errors. Attention to detail is an important skill for lab technicians.


Medical lab technicians should have good manual dexterity. They use instruments like needles, syringes, tweezers and other medical instruments.


Medical lab technicians should be accurate. Even a minute mistake may lead to wrong diagnosis. They need good hand-eye coordination to use technical equipment with accuracy.

Communication skills

Medical lab technicians should have excellent oral communication skills in order to work effectively with colleagues and to explain techniques to interested patients.


  • Checked Hospitals
  • Checked Medical and Diagnostic Laboratories
  • Checked Blood Banks
  • Checked Polyclinics