Secondary School Teacher

As a Secondary School teacher you will be working in high schools teaching students of classes 8 to 10. You will be handling courses in one or two subjects, preparing the students to appear for public examinations and to take up higher secondary education.

What do Secondary School teachers do?

Teachers of high school students typically plan and teach lessons to classrooms of students. They may also teach small groups or do individual mentoring, depending on the needs of their students. They specialize in one or two subjects, usually teach several classes within their specialty subject over the course of a day. Teachers evaluate students performance, grade papers and tests, and prepare them for tests.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Delivering lectures, discussions, and demonstrations in one or more subjects such as English, mathematics, or social studies
  • Checked Assigning classwork and homework to secondary level students
  • Checked Assigning classwork and homework to secondary level students
  • Checked Grading test papers, classwork and homework assignments
  • Checked Redesigning teaching/instructional methods and materials according to the varying needs and interests of the students
  • Checked Maintaining student records accurately
  • Checked Preparing students for qualifying examinations
  • Checked Establishing rules for behavior in the classroom and school premises
  • Checked Meeting with parents and communicating about students’ progress
  • Checked Participating in departmental meetings and school training events
  • Checked Organising extracurricular activities, such as picnics and sports activities

How to become a Secondary School Teacher

Step 1
Take stream of choice at +2

The stream you choose at +2 depends upon which subject you want to specialise in as a teacher. You can choose any stream at +2 which makes you eligible for graduation in that subject. For specialising in physical sciences and mathematics, choose Science stream with Maths at +2 and for Life sciences it is advisable to choose Science with Biology at +2 level. If you aim to take up teaching of a Humanities, Social Sciences or Commerce subject generally you may opt for any stream at +2 but requirements for undergraduate admission at some institutions may specify certain subjects to be compulsory at +2 level

Step 2
Take a bachelor’s degree in the subject of your choice

You may take a BA/BSc/BCom degree in the subject you choose. This is usually of 3 year duration and is available in most universities and affiliated colleges in the country.

Step 3
Take a B Ed degree

In order to be eligible to take up a career as a Secondary School teacher you need to qualify as a Bachelor of Education with your subject of choice taken up as the specialisation. This is usually a 2 year course which includes compulsory teaching practice and can be taken up after earning a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in the subject.

Note :

Some reputed Institutes of Education offer a dual degree integrated program of BA-Ed /BSc-Ed which is of 4 year duration and is equivalent to BA/BSc and BEd in the subject of specialisation. This can be taken up after +2 qualification in the relevant stream

Step 4
Take a Master’s degree. (MA/MSc/MCom)

Although a postgraduate degree qualification is not an essential requirement for teaching in Secondary School classes,taking an MA/MSc/MCom degree in your subject will give you an added advantage. This is of 2 year duration.

Note :

An integrated MSc-Ed program of 6 year duration is offered by reputed institutes of education, which is equivalent to a postgraduate qualification and BEd in the chosen subject.This program can be taken up after +2 qualification in the relevant stream

Step 5
Teacher Eligibility Tests

In order to take up a teaching career in Government institutions in India you may have to qualify in Teacher Eligibility Tests which are conducted both at central level (CTET) and at State level (STET). Some private schools may also use these qualifications as their employment criteria.


Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (from Jamia Millia islamia, New Delhi in M.Ed)

  • At least 50% marks or an equivalent grade in B.Ed./B.A. B.Ed./B.Sc. B.Ed./B.El.Ed.
  • D.El.Ed. with an undergraduate degree (with 50% marks in each).
  • JMI Entrance exam

Foreign (from University of Pennsylvania, United States in M.S.Ed.)

  • A bachelor’s degree from a recognized university
  • GRE Scores
  • IELTS/ TOEFL Scores (No minimum scores mentioned)
  • Statement of Purpose
  • 3 Letters of Recommendation

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication Skills

Teachers are required to have excellent communication skills for working with children, other teachers and parents. Communication that is clear, concise, and to the point will make your lessons easier.

Leadership Skills

Teachers are required to inspire and guide students and be in charge of leading them through example.

Mentoring Skills

As a teacher, one must be committed to help students find success and gratification in their academics.They should also empower them to develop their own strengths, beliefs, and personal attributes.


Teachers need to work as a team, to effectively produce holistic development of the students while training them in different subjects and helping them develop varied skills.


Good teachers know how to adapt their lesson plans and teaching methods to their students, so that students with differing cognitive ability and learning skills benefit optimally. This skill can take some experience and practice in a classroom setting.


  • Checked Central Government Institutions (like schools of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan,Ashram schools, Navodaya schools and armed forces school
  • Checked State and Local body institutions (Schools run by state governments, District corporations, municipalities , panchayats etc)
  • Checked Private Schools aided by Government
  • Checked Private unaided Schools
  • Checked Indian and International schools abroad