As a special educator, you will work with students who require special attention and care. You will have to deal with students who are differently abled in areas of learning, mental and physical abilities.
A special educator identifies the needs of students who require special care and assistance and plan and develop individualised educational program for every student. They also supervise and record each of their activities to make assessments of their progress and discuss the student’s improvement with teachers and parents.
Taking any stream in +2 would make you eligible for undergraduate courses or diploma in special education.
Taking psychology in +2 would be an added benefit for further learning.
Diploma courses which are generally 1 year program can be taken up after +2
A bachelor’s degree of 3 yrs duration would enable you to pursue B Ed in special education. Taking psychology would give you a better perspective for pursuing the career
You can take B.Ed (Special Education) with specialisation in multiple disabilities or in specific areas. This is a 3 year course which can be taken up after graduation in any discipline
Integrated BA/BSc/BCom- BEd courses of 4 years duration are also available.
For specialising in this field you can take up M.Ed (Special Education) which is a 2 years course. This course can be taken up after a B Ed in special education or after taking a general B Ed degree along with a diploma in special education from an institute recognised by the Rehabilitation Council of India.
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Teachers are required to have excellent communication skills for working with children who need special attention and understanding and for interacting with other teachers and parents.
These students may not always be immediately responsive to receiving instructions and often require different methods of teaching and repetitive efforts to make them understand. The special educator therefore needs to have great patience and the ability to persist in their efforts.
Teachers are committed to help their students in learning processes where they need to mentor the students to overcome the weaknesses and learning disabilities of students.
A special educator must accurately assess students' progress and adjust lessons to their needs.
Special educators should be creative to be able to conceive of different ways of reaching out to these students who may not all be taught in the same way. They have to make the classes more enjoyable through creative approaches.
Teachers have to face stressful situations in special education settings where the students are confronted with various learning disabilities issues. A great special education teacher must be even-tempered and must have excellent coping techniques.
Children may show difficulty in expressing what they are feeling due to problems in communication skills. Hence the teacher needs to be highly intuitive to sense underlying issues behind a child’s behavior, along with helping them as situations occur.