Special Educator

As a special educator, you will work with students who require special attention and care. You will have to deal with students who are differently abled in areas of learning, mental and physical abilities.

What do Special Educators do ?

A special educator identifies the needs of students who require special care and assistance and plan and develop individualised educational program for every student. They also supervise and record each of their activities to make assessments of their progress and discuss the student’s improvement with teachers and parents.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Teaching students and facilitating academic and non-academic activities
  • Checked Observing students’ special requirements and making study plans according to their needs
  • Checked Administering tests to help determine children's developmental levels, needs, or potential
  • Checked Giving attention to the physical and psychological performance of the students
  • Checked Assessing the improvements of each student and implementing new teaching methods
  • Checked Facilitating indoor and outdoor activities of students and encouraging creative mode of learning
  • Checked Meeting parents to discuss about the performance of students and taking appropriate steps on the basis of discussions
  • Checked Mentoring and supervising other teachers who are working in the school, with students with special needs
  • Checked Monitoring the hygiene of students and cleanliness of surroundings

Specialisations in Special Education

Special educators in this area deals with students who have visual, hearing and other physical impairments to help them enhance their skills to perform at their best.
The focus of this area is on students with psychological issues like behavioural problems, personality disorders etc.
Special educators in this area deals with students who have difficulties in learning due to conditions like learning disability, autism, hyperactive disorder, down syndrome etc.

How to become a Special Educator

Step 1
Take any stream at the plus 2

Taking any stream in +2 would make you eligible for undergraduate courses or diploma in special education.

Note :

Taking psychology in +2 would be an added benefit for further learning.

Step 2
Take diploma in special education/ B.ed, M.Ed

Diploma courses which are generally 1 year program can be taken up after +2

Take a bachelor's degree in any discipline

A bachelor’s degree of 3 yrs duration would enable you to pursue B Ed in special education. Taking psychology would give you a better perspective for pursuing the career

Step 3
Take B Ed (Special Education)

You can take B.Ed (Special Education) with specialisation in multiple disabilities or in specific areas. This is a 3 year course which can be taken up after graduation in any discipline

Note :

Integrated BA/BSc/BCom- BEd courses of 4 years duration are also available.

Step 4
Take M Ed (Special Education)

For specialising in this field you can take up M.Ed (Special Education) which is a 2 years course. This course can be taken up after a B Ed in special education or after taking a general B Ed degree along with a diploma in special education from an institute recognised by the Rehabilitation Council of India.

Special Education Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in special education

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India ( From Jamia Millia Islamia for M.Ed - Special education)

  • Bachelor’s degree in any subject (except B.A./B.Sc. Vocational or B.Com.)
  • B.Ed.(Special Education) with specialization in Visual Impairment or Learning Disabilities with 50% marks
  • B.Ed. Degree with 50% marks and 50% marks in One Year Course in Special Education with specialization in Visual Impairment or Learning Disability
  • Diploma for Secondary School teachers of Visually Handicapped or Learning Disability with 50% marks rom Institution recognized by the Rehabilitation Council of India.
  • JMI Admission test

Foreign (from The Education University of Hong Kong for Master’s in Education with specialization of Special needs)

  • A recognised Bachelor’s degree, or equivalent
  • IELTS score of 6 or above OR a TOEFL score of 550(pbt) or 80 (ibt)

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication Skills

Teachers are required to have excellent communication skills for working with children who need special attention and understanding and for interacting with other teachers and parents.

Patience and perseverance

These students may not always be immediately responsive to receiving instructions and often require different methods of teaching and repetitive efforts to make them understand. The special educator therefore needs to have great patience and the ability to persist in their efforts.

Mentoring Skills

Teachers are committed to help their students in learning processes where they need to mentor the students to overcome the weaknesses and learning disabilities of students.

Critical thinking skills

A special educator must accurately assess students' progress and adjust lessons to their needs.


Special educators should be creative to be able to conceive of different ways of reaching out to these students who may not all be taught in the same way. They have to make the classes more enjoyable through creative approaches.

Even tempered

Teachers have to face stressful situations in special education settings where the students are confronted with various learning disabilities issues. A great special education teacher must be even-tempered and must have excellent coping techniques.

Intuitive skills

Children may show difficulty in expressing what they are feeling due to problems in communication skills. Hence the teacher needs to be highly intuitive to sense underlying issues behind a child’s behavior, along with helping them as situations occur.