Aerospace Engineering

As an aerospace engineer, you will get to apply cutting edge technology to develop flight systems for a large variety of purposes like commutation of passengers and freight, space travel and defence mechanisms.

What does an Aerospace Engineer do?

An aerospace engineer works in the designing, building and prototype testing of commercial aircraft, military helicopters, airplanes and missiles, spacecrafts, launch vehicles, satellites and other aerospace products. He/She is also involved in research on the type of materials and equipment to be used in the manufacture of these systems.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Directing and coordinating the design, manufacture, and testing of aircraft and aerospace products
  • Checked Assessing project proposals to determine their technical and financial feasibility
  • Checked Determining if proposed projects will result in safe operations that meet the defined goals
  • Checked Analysing designs to ensure that the products are meeting engineering principles, client needs, and environmental regulations.
  • Checked Formulating acceptance criteria and quality standards for design methods, performance after delivery, and completion dates
  • Checked Ensuring that all the projects are progressing according to quality standards
  • Checked Examining malfunctioning or damaged products or parts to identify sources of problems and work out feasible solutions

What areas can an Aerospace Engineer specialise on?

Studies the motion of aerospace vehicles/systems when acted upon by external forces like gravity, aerodynamic forces and propulsive forces.
Studies how an aerospace system is propelled (ie. how it is able to produce the force required to continue flying) during its flight.
Deals with mechanisms to determine the desired path of travel (guidance) and to match the current path with desired path (control).
Studies the motion of air around things and use this knowledge to create efficient designs for flight systems. Aerodynamics is an important subject in the design of vehicles like super-fast cars as well.
Deals with using the most efficient materials and structural design of the load carrying structures to make the flight systems like aircraft and spacecraft cheaper, safer and lighter.

How to become an Aerospace Engineer?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Maths

Studying Physics, Chemistry and Maths at the 10+2 level and securing a good score in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission into engineering courses.

Step 2
Take a B.Tech/B.E. in Aerospace or Aeronautical Engineering

The common course offered at the UG level in this area is Aerospace or Aeronautical Engineering. You can either go for a B.Tech or a dual degree (5 year Integrated B.Tech/M.Tech) which is offered by specific colleges in the country.

Note : Dual Degree

Someone looking to build a career in the aerospace sector in India will need at least a master’s degree owing to the lack of opportunities in the sector and its specialised nature. So it’s better to take a dual degree at the UG level which will help you save a year.

Step 3
Take an M.Tech/M.S. in specialisation of choice and then go for doctoral level studies

After completing the UG degree, you can either go for an M.Tech (or M.S. in foreign universities and certain Indian universities) and then to the doctoral level. If your profile (including projects, research papers, and internships) is excellent, you might get a direct entry into Ph.D. as well.

Note : Enter with Bachelor’s Degree in Mechanical Engineering

It should be noted that a bachelor’s in mechanical engineering (and civil or electrical engineering in special cases) might suffice as a qualification to get admission into PG level aerospace courses.


Name State District Type Website Course

Graduate Admission Requirements

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (from IIT Bombay for M.Tech in Aerospace Engineering)

  • A bachelor’s degree with minimum 60% aggregate score
  • GATE score between 700 and 800 out of 1000

Foreign (from Purdue University for M.S. in Aeronautics and Astronautics)

  • A bachelor’s degree with a GPA of more than 3.25/4.0 or equivalent
  • A GRE score of more than 315 (156 verbal, 159 quant, 4.0 analytical)
  • Minimum TOEFL score of 80 or IELTS score of 6.5
  • 3 letters of recommendation
  • Relevant project/research experience

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Analytical skills

An aerospace engineer must be able to identify design elements that do not meet requirements and then formulate alternatives to improve the performance of those elements.

Business skills

Much of the work done by an aerospace engineer involves meeting different quality standards. Meeting these standards often requires knowledge of standard business practices, as well as knowledge of commercial law. Additionally, project management skills can also be useful.

Critical-thinking skills

An aerospace engineer must be able to produce designs that meet design standards and to figure out why a particular design does not work. They must be able to ask the right question, then find an acceptable answer.

Math skills

An aerospace engineer uses the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in math for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.

Problem-solving skills

An aerospace engineer uses their education and experience to upgrade designs and troubleshoot problems when meeting new demands for aircraft such as increased fuel efficiency or improved safety.

Writing skills

An aerospace engineer must be able to write papers that explain their designs clearly and to create documentation for future reference.


  • Checked Aeronautics Industry
  • Checked Astronautics Industry
  • Checked Automobile Industry
  • Checked Military and Defence

Top Companies

  • Checked AIRBUS
  • Checked Boeing
  • Checked Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
  • Checked Bombardier
  • Checked Lockheed Martin