Biotechnology Engineering

As a biotechnology engineer, you will be engaged in applying the principles of chemical, mechanical, electrical and computer science engineering to understand biological processes in living organisms in order to bring about revolutionary changes in the fields of agriculture, health care, food and pharmaceutical industries.

What does a Biotechnology Engineer do?

A biotechnology engineer employs an integrated approach of fundamental biological sciences and principles of engineering to study, improve, and develop bioprocesses from the laboratory scale to the manufacturing scale. The areas of operation of a biotechnology engineer ranges from plant molecular biology, bio modelling and drug designing to cancer research and genetic engineering.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Conduct research on the engineering aspects of the biological systems of living organisms
  • Checked Develop medical diagnostic and clinical instrumentation
  • Checked Design equipment, procedures etc. and monitor calibration and validation of equipment and systems
  • Checked Develop computer simulations of human bio-behavioural systems to obtain data for measuring the life processes
  • Checked Develop new applications for energy sources
  • Checked Develop, expand and improve bioprocesses from the laboratory scale to the manufacturing scale

What areas can a Biotechnology Engineer specialise on?

This specialisation is the application of biochemical engineering to topics such as modelling of biological systems, plant cell bioprocessing, biomaterials, genetic engineering and cell culture.
This specialisation deals with the use of technology in utilising bio based materials, microorganisms and enzymes to produce industrial goods like biofuels and bioplastics.
The application of biotechnology for the improvement of yield and quality of agricultural produce and for the manufacturing and processing of foodstuff.
Bioinformatics is the application of informatics technology to collect, organize and interpret large quantities of biological data such as genetic sequences, cell populations or protein samples to provide solutions to problems in the related fields.

How to become a Biotechnology Engineer?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Physics and Mathematics

To be eligible for admission to an undergraduate course in biotechnology engineering, you need to study Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects at the 10+2 level. The other subjects to be taken are English along with Chemistry/ Biotechnology/ Biology/ Technical Vocational subject. However choosing Biotechnology/ Biology would give you a broader base for taking up this discipline.

Step 2
Take BTech/BE (Biotechnology Engineering) or (Biotechnology & Biochemical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering/Bachelor of Technology is a four year course offered by Universities and Institutes of Technology in India and abroad

Step 3
Take an MTech (Biotechnology Engineering)

After graduation, you can take an M Tech / ME degree course in Biotechnology Engineering which is of 2 year duration. You can also take up the equivalent MS degree course offered by foreign universities and select institutions in India.

Note :

It would be of advantage to take up a 5yr integrated MTech in Biotechnology, combining the BTech and MTech program, offered by select institutes like the IITs

Step 4
Take a PhD

After post-graduation, you can take a PhD in Biotechnology Engineering specialisations which would give you better prospects of careers in Research facilities.

Note :

Select institutions may offer an integrated MTech-Phd in Biotechnology related specialisions.

Biotechnology Engineering Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in Biotechnology Engineering

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (from IIT Guwahati for M.Tech Biotechnology)

  • Master’s degree in Science
  • 4 year Bachelor’s degree in Engineering, with biology or related subjects as one of the papers at the 10+2 level or later
  • GATE score in related disciplines

Foreign (from Johns Hopkins for MS in Biotechnology)

  • A bachelor’s degree in engineering or a basic science discipline
  • Regardless of the specific degree, the applicant should have completed a balanced program in college-level physics, chemistry, mathematics, and biology
  • The average GPA of admitted thesis-track students is typically 3.7 or higher (on a 4.0 scale)
  • Letters of recommendation
  • Graduate Record Examination score

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Analytical skills

Biotechnological engineers must analyze the needs and best possibilities to design appropriate solutions.

Communication skills

Since biotechnological engineers work with other professionals during their research and frequently work in teams, they must be able to express their ideas clearly. They must also seek others’ ideas and incorporate those ideas into the problem-solving process.


Biotechnological engineers must be creative to come up with innovative and integrative advances in healthcare equipment and other technology.

Problem-solving skills

Biotechnological engineers typically deal with and solve problems in complex biological systems.


  • Checked Agriculture and Food Industry
  • Checked Biological and Medical Research Facilities
  • Checked Industrial Goods Manufacturing
  • Checked Pharmaceutical and Chemical Manufacturing
  • Checked Environmental and Conservation Firms
  • Checked Universities

Top Companies

  • Checked Biocon
  • Checked Panacea Biotec
  • Checked Serum Institute of India
  • Checked Rasi Seeds