Chemical Engineering

As a chemical engineer, you will be designing and developing chemical manufacturing processes that are in compliance with the environmental regulations and the required standards of safety.

What do Chemical engineers do?

Chemical engineers conduct research to develop new and improved manufacturing processes for the production of chemicals, pharmaceuticals, plastics, food products, textiles and other goods. They monitor performance and troubleshoot problems related to these processes and also design and plan the layout of equipment and establish safety protocols for working with dangerous chemicals.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Designing equipment for large-scale manufacturing, planning and testing production methods and byproducts treatment
  • Checked Developing processes to separate components of liquids and gases or generate electrical current using chemical processes
  • Checked Performing tests and supervising various stages of production
  • Checked Planning and executing effective arrangement for mixing, crushing, heat transfer, distillation, and drying
  • Checked Working with chemists and engineers to ensure the efficient functioning and maximum output for the company
  • Checked Conducting laboratory experiments and performing a detailed study of all steps in the manufacturing of a new product
  • Checked Planning, executing and supervising all the processes in the company starting from designing the plant to ensuring the quality of the end product.

What areas can a chemical engineer specialise in?

Deals with conceptualising and designing equipment and facilities for carrying out chemical and biochemical processes in chemical process industries such as petrochemicals, fertilizer, pharmaceutical, polymer, biotechnology, energy and allied fields.
Environmental engineering specialisation deals with the applying of chemical engineering technology in pollution prevention, control and management, and strategies to effectively deal with global issues of public health, safety, energy and environment.
This specialisation deals with the techniques used to identify and mitigate process safety hazards and the role of a chemical engineer in understanding the risks and safety concerns to ensure safety in the operation of a chemical plant.
Electrochemical engineering is study of the technological applications of the principles of electrochemistry in phenomena such as electrochemical separations, electrosynthesis of chemicals, refining of metals, fuel cells etc.
This field deals with the engineering of matter at the atomic or molecular level with the aim to produce particulate materials with extremely small structures that can be controlled with very precise process management.

How to become a Chemical Engineer?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Physics and Mathematics

To be eligible for admission to an undergraduate course in chemical engineering, you need to study Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects at the 10+2 level . The other subjects to be taken are English along with one of the subjects Chemistry/ Biotechnology/ Biology/ Technical Vocational subject. However choosing Chemistry would be an added advantage

Step 2
Take a BTech (Chemical Engineering)/BE (Chemical Engineering)

Bachelor of Engineering/Bachelor of Technology is a four year course offered by Universities and Institutes of Technology in India and abroad.

Step 3
Take an MTech (Chemical Engineering)

After graduation, you can take an M Tech / ME degree course in Chemical Engineering which is of 2 year duration. You can also take up the equivalent MS degree course offered by foreign universities and select institutions in India

Note :
  • You can also take up post graduation in Chemical engineering after MSc in Chemistry/ Physics/ Mathematics or Lifesciences
  • Some institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology offer an integrated Dual degree combining B Tech and M Tech which is of 5 year duration.
Step 4
Take a PhD

After post-graduation, you can take a PhD in Chemical Engineering specialisations which will also enable you to take up a career in research or academics.

Note :

You can also take up the joint MTech-PhD dual program offered by some select institutions.

Chemical Engineering Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in chemical engineering

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

Indian Institute (from IIT Madras for M.Tech in Chemical Engineering)

  • B.E/B.Tech/B.Arch. or M.Sc (Chemistry/Life Sciences/Mathematics/Physics) or Associate Membership holders with 60% marks and with GATE Score.
  • IIT B.Tech graduates having 8.0 and above CGPA (7.5 for SC/ST) can apply without GATE.

Foreign Institute (from MIT for Masters in Chemical Engineering)

  • GRE: General test required with a minimum score of 164 in Quantitative reasoning and 161 in verbal reasoning.
  • Three letters of recommendation
  • Statement of objectives.
  • IELTS: minimum score required: 7
  • TOEFL: minimum score required: 100 (iBT)

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Analytical skills

Chemical engineers must have good analytical skills. They should be able to solve unexpected problems in a systematic way. They should be able to find the specific cause of the problem and solve it quickly.


Chemical engineers have to be very creative. They have to invent new products and come up with different strategies for the smooth functioning of the processes in the company.


Chemical engineers learn the broad concepts of chemical engineering but their work requires them to apply those concepts to specific production problems.

Interpersonal skills

Chemical engineers should have good interpersonal skills as they to work in a team. They are part of and may have to supervise a team from designing the product to the final output. So it is very essential that they develop good relationship with their co-workers.

Problem-solving skills

Problem solving is a very important skill for chemical engineers. They should be able to anticipate and identify problems, and solve unpredictable issues that may come up in their work.


  • Checked Oil & Gas
  • Checked Petrochemicals
  • Checked Pharmaceutical Manufacturing
  • Checked Environmental Engineering
  • Checked Textile Industry
  • Checked Food Processing

Top Companies

  • Checked Dow chemicals
  • Checked Halliburton
  • Checked Proctor & Gamble
  • Checked DuPont
  • Checked Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings
  • Checked Shell