Electrical Engineering

As an electrical engineer, you will be designing, developing and maintaining electrical components, devices and control systems as per the required specifications.

What does an electrical engineer do?

Electrical engineers apply the principles of electricity and electronics to design and develop new electrical equipment and systems in projects ranging from designing household appliances to electrical power stations and large-scale power distribution networks and communications systems. They may be involved in these projects right from the conceptualisation stage to implementation, testing and handing over.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Communicating with customers to assess requirements
  • Checked Reading design specifications and technical diagrams
  • Checked Designing products and systems, and estimating costs and timescales
  • Checked Carrying out discussions with others in the design team
  • Checked Attending meetings on site and coordinating with contractors
  • Checked Conducting tests, recording and analysing test data and proposing required modifications and retests
  • Checked Preparing product documentation, writing reports and giving presentations
  • Checked Servicing and maintaining equipment

Specialisations in Electrical engineering

This specialisation deals with all aspects of electrical power generation, transmission, distribution and utilization in compliance with the technical, financial, and regulatory constraints.
This specialisation covers the theory and practice of power electronic driving systems, switching technology, and electrical machines and their applications.
It is an engineering discipline that applies automatic control theory to design controllers that manipulate inputs to dynamical systems to obtain the desired outputs.
Signal processing is the process of analyzing and modifying a signal to optimize performance. This specialisation includes topics such as analog signal processing, programmable and embedded systems, advanced sensing techniques and statistical signal processing.

How to become a civil engineer?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics

To be eligible for admission to an undergraduate course in electrical engineering, you need to study Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects along with one of the subjects Chemistry/Biotechnology/Biology/ Technical Vocational subject at the 10+2 level.

Step 2
Take B.Tech in Electrical engineering

B.Tech in Electrical Engineering is a four year course offered by Universities and Institutes of Technology in India and abroad. Some institutions are offering dual degree programs in electrical engineering, which are five years long, at the end of the program the student will be awarded both B.Tech and M.Tech degrees.

Note :

Some institutions allow lateral entry into the second year of BTech for diploma holders in electrical engineering.

Step 3
Take MTech in Electrical Engineering

After graduation, you can take an M Tech / ME degree course in electrical engineering, which is of 2 year duration. You can also take up an equivalent MS degree course offered by foreign universities and select institutions in India

Step 4
Take a PhD

After post graduation, you can take a PhD in electrical engineering specialisations which will enable you to take up research careers in academia and the industry.

Note :

There are some institutions which offer integrated MTech-PhD programs.

Electrical Engineering Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in electrical engineering

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (for MTech (any specialisations of Electrical Engineering)at NIT Calicut)

  • Should have a qualified 4 year Bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering from a recognised Institute/University with 60% marks (or CGPA 6.5) in aggregate of all semesters/years.
  • Should have a valid GATE score
  • Admission will be through the Centralised Counseling for MTech Admissions (CCMT) which is common for all NITs and CFTIs

Foreign (MS Electrical Engineering from Stanford University)

  • Should have qualified 4 year Bachelor degree in Engineering ( not necessarily in Electrical engineering) or a Master's degree in Physical Sciences or Mathematics from a recognised university/ institute.
  • Based on the CGPA
  • On the basis of GRE score (Approximately above 90th percentile )
  • A minimum TOEFL score of 89
  • Statement of purpose
  • 3 Letters of recommendation from academic (or professional) references

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Attention to Detail

Electrical engineers design complex electrical systems and have to keep track of numerous design elements and technical characteristics.

Analytical skills and problem-solving ability

Electrical engineers should be able to make effective assessment of the client requirements and provide time bound and cost effective solutions.

Planning and organisational skills

It is necessary for dealing with important matters such as time and resource allocation for efficient management of projects

Interpersonal skills

Electrical engineers require good interpersonal skills as they often have to work in a multidisciplinary team and collaborate with other engineers, technicians and labour contractors

Oral and written communication skills

They must be able to explain technical information to non-technical clients, and communicate designs and instructions during product development and create documents of design methods and manuals.


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