Agricultural Engineering

As an agriculture engineer, you will be able to integrate technology with farming by going into the fields, identify and analyse the problem and develop strategies, tools and equipment to solve the problems to ensure sustainable growth and efficiency of agriculture processes and practices.

What do agricultural engineers do?

An agriculture engineer develop and use various agricultural strategies to increase efficiency and productivity and aim to make agriculture more easier process . They collaborate with farmers and others to identify the root causes of the issues and solve it and incorporate computer and advanced technology to agricultural practices and try to reduce the cost and increase the profit by replacing human labour and utilising machines and technology for various agricultural activities. scientists research new ways to ensure food safety as well as improve the taste and nutrition of the food. Stability and maturity in raw ingredients is checked to ensure products meet required safety standards, quality, and nutrient values.They take charge of inspecting safety compliance with government regulations in regards to sanitation, waste management standards, and quality and work towards the overall improvement of food like texture, flavor, color, chemical composition, convenience and nutritional value.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Designing farmhouses, barns, and other shelters for animals and plants
  • Checked Providing advice on water quality and issues related to pollution management
  • Checked Designing power machines used for tilling, fertilization, harvesting etc
  • Checked Designing irrigation, flood control, and drainage systems
  • Checked Evaluating the design effectiveness, cost, reliability and safety
  • Checked Supervising machinery production
  • Checked Developing plans to improve quality in the storage of agricultural products
  • Checked Planning and directing construction of rural electric-power distribution systems and water systems for soil and water conservation
  • Checked Communicating plans with clients, contractors, consultants and other engineers
  • Checked Developing techniques to dry and store crops, control pesticides etc
  • Checked Performing extensive research and development

What are the specialisations Agricultural Engineering?

This field focuses on processes like crop processing, food processing, food packaging, quality etc.
Farm power and machinery are focusing optimum utilization of machinery, improving quality and reducing the cost of production. It is also ensures ideal man-power-machine interaction.
This field focuses on the prevention of soil erosion, optimum utilisation of water resources and prevention of misuse or overuse of water resources.

How to Become an Agricultural Engineer?

Step 1
Take Science Stream in 10+2

Candidate should opt science stream at the plus two level with PCB/PCM (Mathematics is recommended) and pass it with at least 50% marks.

Step 2
Take B.Tech in Agricultural Engineering

Pursue B. Tech in Agricultural Engineering from a good university with an aggregate of minimum 55%. The course span is for 4 years.

Step 3
Take Masters in Agricultural Engineering (M.Tech)

Pursue M. Tech in Agricultural Engineering from an accredited university. This is a 2 year course.

Step 4
Take a PhD in Agricultural Engineering

Pure research takes place when a student decides to do a PhD in Agricultural Engineering. This may span from 3 to 5 years or more than that.

Agricultural Engineering Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in agricultural engineering

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (from ICAR - Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi for M.Tech. Agricultural Engineering)

  • B.E/ B.Tech in Agricultural Engineering with at least 60% marks.
  • On the basis of the entrance examination(80% weightage) is undertaken by the Education Division of ICAR
  • Academic Merit (10% weightage)
  • Interview (10 % weightage)

Foreign (from Texas A&M University, Texas, for Graduate Program in Biological Agricultural Engineering)

  • A bachelor’s or professional degree in engineering.
  • On the basis ofGRE score
  • A minimum IELTS score of 6.0 overall band or a minimum TOEFL score of 80 internet-based testing.
  • 3 Letters of Recommendation.
  • A statement of purpose describing your intent to Join the programme

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Technical & Practical Skills

An agricultural engineer must be able to understand, measure, monitor various situations and apply technical knowledge. They must be open to seek training opportunities for further development to improve performance in day to day tasks of the role etc.


An agricultural engineer is supposed to turn ideas into reality, as they are responsible for designing various machineries, water systems etc.

Problem Solving & Innovation

This skill is required to assist in managing for profit by problem solving and finding the best solution to a given problem or situation and also to collaborate with others to seek input and alternative ideas.


In this position, one should possess a balance in listening and talking; speaking and writing clearly and accurately; in order to keep others informed.

Self Management

As a horticulturist self managing is of great importance. They should focus on effective planning and time management as well as prioritisation of tasks.


  • Checked Farming Industry Consultants
  • Checked Agricultural Commodities Processors
  • Checked Food manufacturing Dairy, food, agro industrie
  • Checked NABARD and other banks
  • Checked Agricultural finance corporations
  • Checked Indian Council of Agricultural
  • Checked Research Council of Scientific and Industrial
  • Checked Research in Agricultural Universities

Top companies

  • Checked AGCO
  • Checked Massey Ferguson
  • Checked Cargill
  • Checked PepsiCo
  • Checked Nestle
  • Checked The Coca-Cola Company
  • Checked Unilever
  • Checked ITC