Soil & Water Management

As a Soil and water scientist/ conservationist you will be able to plan or develop coordinated practices for soil erosion control, soil or water conservation, sound land use, pollution control, excessive use of water and implement soil and water management techniques.

What do they do?

A soil and water scientists perform land surveys, design soil or water conservation plans, creates guidelines to prevent erosion, develops practices for sustainable land use, and monitors water and soil to discover, develop, implement, and improve ways to use land that sustains its productive capacity and enhances the environment and other services that improve people's quality of life.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Conducting research on soil systems and soil management in order to understand the methods of soil protection and soil health
  • Checked Identifying environmental concerns, including specific causes or sources of soil and water pollution
  • Checked Developing sustainable organizational policies or practices
  • Checked Developing environmental remediation or protection plans
  • Checked Conducting technical analysis methods related to soil and water resources management, planning and forecasting
  • Checked Developing plans to protect watershed health and/or rehabilitate watersheds
  • Checked Finding methods for prevention of water and wind erosion
  • Checked Evaluating soils as they relate to natural resource management, including forest soils, wetlands, environmental endangerment assessments, ecological evaluations, and archeological sites
  • Checked Assessing and investigating soils for the application of wastes in a variety of forms
  • Checked Writing reports, informational brochures or other documents on wastewater purification, water pollution or other water resource subjects

What are the Job Roles in Soil and Water Management?

Conservation scientists and foresters manage the overall land quality of forests, parks, rangelands, and other natural resources.
Natural resources managers are in charge of products that involve land use and environmental conservation who seek to ensure that all land-related activities comply with government
A soil scientist is a person who is qualified to evaluate and interpret soils and soil-related data for the purpose of understanding soil resources as they contribute to agricultural production and protection of human health and the environment.
Plan and develop coordinated practices for soil erosion control, soil and water conservation, and sound land use.
A hydrologist is a scientist who researches the distribution, circulation and physical properties of underground and surface waters.
An environmental consultant is someone who works on a contractual basis for private and public sector clients, addressing environmental issues such as water pollution, air quality, and soil contamination.
Environmental managers work for private companies ensuring they comply with federal and state environmental regulations as well as those set by the organization and may design company programs to ensure compliance and implement those programs.
Researchers in the field mainly work on soil chemistry and mineralogy, irrigation, hydrology, soil physics and agrometeorology, as well as some of the more fundamental aspects of clay mineralogy and technology, the interaction between organic molecules and minerals, and selected topics in biophysics.

How to become a Graduate in soil and water management

Step 1
Take Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology

Studying Physics, Chemistry and Biology at the +2 level and securing a minimum score in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission into soil and water management courses.

Step 2
Take B.Sc in soil and water management

Bsc Agriculture is a 3 year undergraduate program.Admissions to these programs are based on the entrance exam scores and academic performance in plus two.

Step 3
Take M.Sc in soil conservation and water management

The Minimum requirement for a master's in soil and water management is B.Sc soil and water management or equivalent degree. The selection shall be based on the previous academic record at Under Graduate level and performance in entrance test. The program shall be of 2 years of duration.

Step 4
Take MPhil/PhD

Master of Science or an equivalent examination in soil and water management is usually the basic requirement for PhD.

Soil and Water Management Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in soil and water management

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (from Chandra Shekhar Azad University Of Agriculture And Technology, kanpur ) in M.Sc Soil Conservation And Water Management )

  • Graduate degree in relevant subject / equivalent with at least 50%marks in aggregate
  • Based on the Common entrance test

Foreign (From Wageningen University And Research, Netherlands For Masters In International Land And Water Management )

  • A relevant graduate degree in a field of science
  • A GPA study of at least 7 or 70% of marks in Graduation.
  • English Language proficiency: an overall score of 6.0 in IELTS : or an overall score of 80 on the TOEFL

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Team skills

Soil and water management professionals required to possess good team skills as their work is often conducted in coordination with colleagues as well as non-soil science professionals.

Good communication skills

They use their interpersonal and communication skills to interact with and establish a professional relationship with clients and colleagues.

Writing skills

Soil and water management professionals must have good writing skills as they have to prepare formal documents, publish their research findings and papers in leading journals.

Problem solving skills

A soil and water management professional will have to come up with multiple practical solutions to a wide range of problems in their typical working day.

Decision making skills

Soil and water management professionals might have to take to critical decisions as a part of their job role.

Analytical skills

A soil and water management professional will invest their scientific knowledge and analysing ability in the research part as well as in problem solving.


  • Checked Research and Development
  • Checked Education and Training
  • Checked Government Agricultural Department
  • Checked Fertilizers Processing units
  • Checked Agriculture Machinery Industries
  • Checked Plantations
  • Checked Forensic laboratory

Top companies

  • Checked City of Hillsboro Water Department
  • Checked Thames Water Utilities Ltd
  • Checked City of Danville, VA
  • Checked ECS Corporate Services
  • Checked Nalco Water
  • Checked Kurita Water Industries