As a biophysicist, you will be involved in the research and analysis of biological processes making use of the principles of physics.

What does a biophysicist do?

Biophysicists conduct research in areas such as molecular biology, cell development, neuroscience, genetics and medicine using analytical and computer aided methods. They work to develop new technologies for overcoming illnesses, producing sustainable resources and solving the mysteries of life and living organisms.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Conduct experiments on the physical aspects of living cells or organisms
  • Checked Analyze vitamins
  • Checked Synthesise hormones and minerals
  • Checked Determine the effects of vitamins, minerals etc. on body functions
  • Checked Study cell development, breathing and digestion
  • Checked Conduct research on life processes such as growth, aging and death

What areas can a biophysicist specialise in?

Molecular biophysics is the study of the physical principles that are involved in the functioning of biomolecular systems and aims at explaining biological function based on the organisation and dynamics of single molecules to complex molecular structures.
Membrane biophysics is the study of the physical principles governing the structure and functions of biological membranes.
Neurobiophysics is the study of the structure of the nervous system and neurological processes on the basis of the physical principles involved.
Bioenergetics is the study of energy transformations and energy exchanges occurring inside living things and with their surroundings.
Medical biophysics is the discipline that uses principles of Biology, Mathematics, Physics and Engineering to solve problems related to human health.

How to become a biophysicist ?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology

Physics, Chemistry and Biology at the 10+2 level with a good aggregate percentage is a prerequisite to admission to a bachelor’s course in biophysics.

Step 2
Take BSc in Biophysics/Biotechnology

Biophysics is rarely offered by Indian universities at the bachelor’s level. But a 3 year B.Sc. course in Biotechnology includes Biophysics as a component. It should be noted that BSc Biophysics is offered by many foreign universities.

Note :

Bachelor’s degree in Zoology, Botany, Physiology, Physics, Chemistry, Biochemistry or Microbiology makes you eligible to specialise in Biophysics at the PG level.

Step 3
Take MSc Biophysics

After graduation in Biophysics or other relevant disciplines you can take up a Master’s program in Biophysics which is of 2 year duration and is offered by many institutions in India and abroad.

Step 4
Take MPhil/PhD in Biophysics

Higher qualifications of MPhil/PhD is essential for working in independent research and development and for taking up academic positions.

Biophysics Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MSc) in biophysics

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (from Jamia Millia Islamia for MSc Biophysics)

  • Three year bachelor’s degree in Physics/Chemistry/Mathematics/Computer Science/ Biological Sciences or Allied Science with 55% marks.
  • Based on the rank in the entrance examination conducted by the university.

Foreign (from Harvard University for MS in Biophysics)

  • BA, BS, or equivalent undergraduate degree in a relevant major.
  • Average GRE score Verbal: 164 , Quantitative: 168, Writing Analysis: 5
  • Minimum score of 80 on the TOEFL iBT.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Analytical skills

Biophysicists should have the skill to conduct scientific experiments and analyse the results.

Communication skills

Biophysicists have to write reports and research papers, give presentations and communicate clearly with team members.

Critical-thinking skills

Biophysicists have to reach conclusions using logic and reasoning.

Interpersonal skills

Biophysicists may work with a team and they must be able to motivate and direct other team members.


Scientific research involves substantial trial and error and it may take a long time to produce results. Thus biophysicists must not become discouraged in their work.

Problem-solving skills

Biophysicists use scientific experiments and analysis to find solutions to complex scientific problems.

Time-management skills

Biophysicists usually need to meet deadlines when conducting research. They must be able to manage time and prioritize tasks efficiently while maintaining their quality of work.


  • Checked Establishments for physical, technological and life science research
  • Checked Educational Institutions
  • Checked Pharmaceuticals and Medicine Manufacturers
  • Checked Technical and Scientific Consultancies