As a geneticist, you study how genes are inherited, mutated, activated, or inactivated in living organisms.

What do Geneticists do ?

Geneticists usually work in laboratories to study genetic material. They use their knowledge to guide and treat patients with hereditary diseases or disorders.They also work for pharmaceutical or agricultural companies to develop new medicines or agricultural products.

What does a typical day at work involve?

The tasks of a geneticist in a typical day at work might involve

  • Checked Conducting experiments and figuring out the origin of inherited traits
  • Checked Investigating determinants responsible for specific genetic traits and analyzing them
  • Checked Counselling patients with abnormal test results, abnormal screenings, or personal and familial histories with gene mutation
  • Checked Helping patients with their treatment plans and action
  • Checked Trying to understand the causes of diseases by studying the interaction between genetic and environmental factors
  • Checked Organising and participating in community programs about genetic risks and mutations
  • Checked Developing methods by using chemicals, radiation and other means in order to modify new traits
  • Checked Keeping up to date with the changes in the field by studying scientific literature
  • Checked Supervising assistants and colleagues with their research

What job roles can a geneticist take up?

Genetic counselors identify genetic aspects of illnesses and educate families or individuals on the risk for a variety of inherited conditions.
Research geneticists experiment on and analyse the inherited characteristics of humans, animals, and plants.
Laboratory geneticists are specialists who perform genetic tests in order to diagnose and manage genetic diseases or disorders.
DNA analysts are responsible for analysing and interpreting DNA samples.

How to become a geneticist?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology

You have to take up Physics, Chemistry and Biology at the 10+2 level in order to obtain admission to an undergraduate course in Genetics.

Step 2
Take BSc Genetics

A Bachelor’s course in Genetics is available in a number of universities in India. It is generally of 3 year duration

Note :

A bachelor's’ degree in any discipline of life sciences, physical sciences, medicine or paramedical sciences will also be a sufficient qualification for pursuing PG courses in Genetics.

Step 3
Take MPhil / PhD

Higher qualifications in Genetics specialisations would be advisable for pursuing a career in research or academia.

Genetics Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MSc) in genetics

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India ( For admission into M.Sc. Medical Genetics at the MGM institute of Health Sciences )

  • A Bachelor’s degree in Botany/Zoology/ Microbiology/ Biotechnology/ Biochemistry/B.Sc. Nursing/MBBS/BDS) or any equivalent degree
  • A minimum of 50 % percent marks in the UG degree

Foreign (For admission into MSc Genetics of Human Disease at the University College,London, UK)

  • An equivalent qualification for upper second-class UK Bachelor's degree (2:1) (typically 60–69%) in a relevant subject
  • English Language Requirements : IELTS - Overall grade of 7.0 with a minimum of 6.5 in each of the subtests or TOEFL - Overall score of 100 with 24/30 in reading and writing and 20/30 in speaking and listening.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Analytical skills

A geneticist should have the ability to apply logical thinking in order to solve complex problems.

Attention to detail

A geneticist should have the ability to achieve accuracy and attention to detail when accomplishing a task.

Problem solving

A geneticist should have the skill in identifying the problem and finding the appropriate solution.

Critical thinking

A geneticist should use logic and reasoning to identify alternative solutions and approaches to problems.

Communication skills

Geneticist must be able to simplify complex findings so that their clients/patients understand them.


  • Checked Private and Public Hospitals
  • Checked Medical Research Facilities
  • Checked Agricultural Research Centres
  • Checked Biotechnological Research Establishments
  • Checked Universities and Academic Research Institutions

Top Companies

  • Checked Medgenome
  • Checked Eurofins Clinical Genetics India
  • Checked Strand Life Sciences
  • Checked 23andme
  • Checked IBM Watson for Genomics