Microbiology is the study of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and viruses. This field studies how these affect and are affected by the environment. This includes fundamental research on biochemistry, physiology, evolution and clinical aspects of microorganisms.

What do microbiologists do?

A microbiologist has to identify and classify different organisms, plants and animals. They also have to isolate, maintain cultures of bacteria, fungi and other microscopic organisms for further references and studies.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Identifying, monitoring, and tracking microorganisms in different environments
  • Checked Collecting samples from different environments, assessing samples and conducting sampling schedules
  • Checked Using molecular techniques to test samples
  • Checked Planning and developing methods to prevent the spreading of diseases
  • Checked Registering new pharmaceutical products such as medicines, diagnostic tests and vaccines
  • Checked Planning, implementing and evaluating new products in clinical trials
  • Checked Managing and overseeing laboratory work
  • Checked Growing microbial cultures for agriculture, food, and drinks industry
  • Checked Writing up research findings and producing reports
  • Checked Keeping up with new researches, attending seminars and conferences in the field

What are the different specialisations in microbiology?

Microbial physiology is defined as the study of the cell structures and metabolism function in living organisms. It includes the study of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.
Immunology is a very important branch of the medical and biological sciences and is the study of the immune system. Immunology includes charting, measuring, and contextualizing the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases.
Pathogenic microbiology is the study of mechanisms by which microorganisms cause diseases in humans.
Bacterial genetics is the study of how genetic information is transferred, either from a particular bacterium to its offspring or between interbreeding lines of bacteria, and how that genetic information is expressed.
Pathology is the study of diseases. It’s a bridge between science and medicine. It includes all aspects of patient care from diagnosis and treatment to using advanced technologies for preventing the disease.

How to become a Microbiologist?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology

Studying Physics, Chemistry and Biology at the 10+2 level and securing a 50% score in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission into undergraduate courses in microbiology.

Step 2
Take BSc Microbiology

The common course offered at the UG level in this area is BSc Microbiology. The duration of the course is 3 years.

Note :

B.Sc. in Molecular Biology/Biological Sciences/Life Sciences are also considered as the eligibility for Master’s in Microbiology.

Step 3
Take MSc Microbiology

After completing the UG degree, you can go for MSc Microbiology. The duration of the course is 2 years.

Note :PG Diploma

You can also go for a PG diploma in Microbiology after UG which is of one year duration.

Step 4
Go for doctoral studies

After pursuing Master’s, you can directly go for M Phil/ PhD if your profile (including projects, research papers, and internships) and research proposal is excellent.

Microbiology Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MSc) in microbiology

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (For admission into MSc Microbiology at Fergusson College Pune)

  • B.Sc. (Microbiology) / B.Sc. with Microbiology as a principle subject with a minimum 50 % marks for general category and 45 % for the reserved category.
  • Around 50- 60 (out of 100) marks (for unreserved) in the Fergusson College Entrance Examination.

Foreign (For admission into MSc in Mi­cro­bi­o­logy and Mi­cro­bial Bi­o­tech­no­logy at the Uni­versity of Helsinki, Finland)

  • A Bachelor's degree in Microbiology or its equivalent.
  • English language requirements - IELTS a minimum requirement of 6.5 (Overall) with a minimum score of 6.0 in the writing section.
  • TOEFL IBT (Internet-based) 92, a minimum score of 22 in the writing section.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Analytical skills

Good analytical skills are crucial for a microbiologist to be able to design and plan research investigations and experiments.

Interpersonal skills

Microbiologist may come to direct interaction with patients. Effective interpersonal skills are vital to have a friendly and sympathetic approach while dealing with them.

Attention to detail

Microbiologists may have to undergo situations where they have to produce accurate work under immense pressure . They have to pay meticulous attention to detail under such circumstances.

Team Work

As microbiologists will have to work with colleagues and professionals from a wider community on projects and research work, the team spirit will help them have a effective exchange of ideas.


  • Checked Hospitals
  • Checked Clinical Laboratories
  • Checked Food Industries
  • Checked Drug Regulatory departments
  • Checked Agricultural Research

Top Companies

  • Checked Becton, Dickinson and Company
  • Checked BioMérieux
  • Checked Bio-Rad Laboratories
  • Checked Bharat Biotech
  • Checked Biological E. Limited