As an Allopathic Medical Practitioner, you will be responsible for restoring and maintaining the health of your patients using allopathic medicine and treatment practices.

What do graduates in Allopathic Medicine do?

After doing an MBBS course or after further specialisation, an Allopathic doctor may provide diagnosis and treatment of patients in hospitals or clinics. He/She may also perform research work for developing new medicines or treatment methods.

What does a typical day at work involve?

An allopathic doctor’s work will differ depending on the Specialisation they have. But in general, on a typical day as a doctor, you may be.

  • Checked Seeing patients in the OP department of a hospital or clinic.
  • Checked Running tests as well as interpreting them.
  • Checked Making diagnosis and prescribing medicine or treatments.
  • Checked Doing rounds to visit in-patients in the hospital.
  • Checked Making notes on patient's physical conditions and giving instructions to nursing staff.
  • Checked Talking to patients and bystanders on patient care and further treatment.
  • Checked Performing surgeries if you are a surgeon.
  • Checked Attending seminars/classes and reading books and medical journals for keeping updated.
  • Checked Carrying out administrative duties such as updating patient records, returning phone calls or dealing with various office issues.
  • Checked Dealing with medical emergencies that may arise within the hospital or at times even outside beyond working hours.

What are the specialisations in Allopathic Medicine?

Anesthesiology is the branch of medicine dedicated to pain relief for patients before, during, and after surgery.
ENT physicians are trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of the head and neck.
General Medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of diseases of the internal organs.
Neurology is the specialty dealing with diseases pertaining to nerves and the nervous system. Neurologists treat strokes, Alzheimer’s disease, seizure disorders, and spinal cord disorders.
Obstetrician/Gynecologist treats women during pregnancy and childbirth, and for diseases of the female reproductive system and genital tract.
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders.
Orthopedics is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, correction, prevention, and treatment of patients with skeletal deformities - disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons that make up the musculoskeletal system.
The branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases.
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
Physical medicine and rehabilitation, also known as physiatry, is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities.
Physicians specializing in diagnostic radiology are trained to diagnose illnesses in patients through the use of X-rays, radioactive substances, ultrasounds, or magnetic resonance images (MRIs).
Surgery is a branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures.

How to become an MBBS Doctor?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Biology, Chemistry and Physics

Studying Biology, Chemistry and Physics at the +2 level and securing a minimum score in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission into Medical courses.

Step 2
Take MBBS(Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)

MBBS is the foundation course in Allopathic Medicine. The Candidate must have completed a Higher Secondary School / 10+2 with Physics,Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology and English as their subjects and must have cleared the NEET exam. The duration of the course is 5.5 years (4.5 years academic education + 1 year mandatory internship).

Step 3
Take a Postgraduate Degree (MD/MS) in specialisation of choice

MD and MS are the second level/post graduate degrees in the broad specialities of Medicine and Surgery respectively. The duration of the course is 3 years.

DNB (Diplomate of National Board)

After Completing MBBS, you can also go for DNB programs. Diplomate of National Board (DNB) is the title awarded by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) to candidates who successfully complete their postgraduate medical education under it. People who have completed an MD/MS are also eligible for appearing in the final DNB certification exam (for their respective specialisations) along with regular DNB trainees.

Step 4
Take Super speciality courses (DM/M.Ch.)

After Completing Post Graduate Degree (MD/MS/DNB), you can go for super speciality courses either in Doctorate of Medicine(DM) or MCh. The duration of the course will be three years.

Ph.D in medicine

After completing post graduation, you can also go for doctoral level studies if you are interested in medical research. If your profile (including projects, research papers, and work experience) is excellent, you might get entry for a Ph.D in renowned foreign universities as well.

Allopathy (MBBS) Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MD) in allopathy (MBBS)

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (from Kozhikode Medical College for MD in General Medicine)

  • NEET( National Eligibility cum Entrance Examination) Rank below 200 (Approximately).
  • Candidates must possess a valid MBBS degree from an institution recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI), and have an MBBS degree or provisional certificate to that effect.
  • Completion of the rotatory internship.
  • Provisional or permanent medical registration certificate issued by MCI or a State Medical Council.

Foreign (from The University of Edinburgh for MD)

  • MBBS or its international equivalent, and a qualification that can be registered with the General Medical Council.
  • IELTS Academic: total 6.5 (at least 6.0 in each module)
  • TOEFL-iBT: total 92 (at least 20 in each module)
  • Other relevant documents like letters of recommendation, and academic transcripts

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication Skill

Doctors need to communicate effectively in order to ensure effective treatment and continuity of care for patients.


Patients who are sick or injured may be in extreme pain or distress. Physicians and surgeons must treat patients and their families with compassion and understanding.


Physicians and surgeons may work for long periods with patients who need special attention. Persons who fear medical treatment may require more patience.

Detail oriented

Patients must receive appropriate treatment and medications. Physicians and surgeons must accurately monitor and record various pieces of information related to patient care.

Problem-solving skills

Physicians and surgeons need to evaluate patients’ symptoms and administer the appropriate treatments. They need to do this quickly if a patient’s life is threatened.


Physicians and surgeons may work with very precise and sometimes sharp tools, and mistakes can have serious consequences.


With your patients and colleagues, you must be approachable and available.

Professional Ethics

Doctors have an ethical duty to protect the human rights and human dignity of the patient.


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