Dental Sciences

As a dentist, you will be working at preventing and treating problems or diseases affecting the mouth and teeth.

What do Dentist do?

A dentist will be working on diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the teeth and gums, and maintenance of oral hygiene and comprehensive oral health. He/she may also perform cosmetic dentistry to improve dental aesthetics in color, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile appearance.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Take care of the oral health of the patients.
  • Checked Prescribe appropriate medications.
  • Checked Specialise in tooth removing, teeth cleaning and polishing, cavity fillings, root canaling, teeth straightening and other issues related to jaws and gums.
  • Checked Use various tests and equipments for effective treatment.
  • Checked Spread awareness about good dental health.
  • Checked Organise case histories through frequent updates.

What are the main specialisations in Dental Medicine?

It is the area which specializes in the treatment of the internal tissues or "pulp" of the tooth and includes root canal treatments and other procedures and examinations involving the inner tooth.
This specialisation deals with the straightening and alignment of the teeth and jaw by fitting braces and treating disorders involving misaligned teeth.
A periodontist specialises in treating gum disease and other gum ailments.
It is the specialisation relating to cosmetic dentistry and the appearance of teeth by fitting implants to replace removed teeth.
Specialisation in comprehensive oral health needs of children from birth till adolescence.
Specialisation in the diagnosis and treatment of a broad range of disorders/trauma affecting the facial complex and skeleton, including the jaws and oral cavity.
It is the scientific study of the causes and effects of oral diseases which is essential for diagnosis and development of rational treatment and preventive programmes.
Community Dentistry is a specialty within dentistry that examines the dental health and disease levels within a community and plan programs aimed at promoting the oral health of the community.

How to become a Dentist?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Biology, Chemistry and Physics

Studying Biology, Chemistry and Physics at the +2 level and securing a minimum score in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission into Medical courses.

Step 2
Take BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)

The common course offered at the UG level in this area is BDS. Duration of the course will be 5 year which includes 4 years of study followed by one year of internship.

Step 3
Take MDS (Master in Dental Surgery

After completing BDS, you can go for an MDS.The duration of MDS is generally three years.

Special Point

There is a provision to complete the M.D.S. Course in two years for candidates who have passed Post Graduate Diploma courses recognized by the Dental Council of India (DCI).

Dental Sciences Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MDS) in Dental Sciences

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (from Maulana Azad Institute Of Dental Sciences for MDS in Oral Medicine and Radiology)

  • NEET MDS Rank around 1400.
  • Bachelor’s degree in Dental Surgery (BDS).

Foreign (from University College London for Paediatric Dentistry MSc)

  • BDS with 55% score or an equivalent CGPA.
  • Must have a minimum of two years clinical experience post-qualification.
  • IELTS : Overall grade of 6.5 with a minimum of 6.0 in each of the subtests or
  • TOEFL : Overall score of 92 with 24/30 in reading and writing and 20/30 in speaking and listening.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication Skill

Dentists need to communicate effectively in order to ensure effective treatment for the clients.

Attention to Detail

To complete treatments, dentists need to carefully pay attention to what they are doing. They will need to be able to focus on smaller details of patients’ teeth or gums. Lack of attention to small details might end up in patients not getting the right treatment. Or it may even harm the patients.


They may work for long periods with patients who need special attention. Persons who fear medical treatment may require more patience.


Dental surgeons will have to work very precisely and sometimes with sharp tools, and mistakes can have serious consequences.


  • Checked Hospitals
  • Checked Cosmetic Dentistry
  • Checked Sports Dentistry