Veterinary Sciences

As a Veterinarian, you will maintain the health and welfare of a wide range of animals, from personal pets to livestock, zoo animals, and injured wild animals.

What does a Veterinarian do?

A veterinarian is a medical professional who cares for the health and wellbeing of animals similar to the services a physician provides to humans. They diagnose, control, treat and research medical conditions and diseases of animals.They also advise owners on general and preventive care to maintain the health of their pets and livestock.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Diagnosing animal health problems.
  • Checked Vaccinating animals against diseases, such as distemper and rabies.
  • Checked Medicating animals suffering from infections or illnesses.
  • Checked Treating and dressing wounds.
  • Checked Performing minor to complex surgery, depending on training.
  • Checked Advising owners about animal feeding, behavior, and breeding.
  • Checked Euthanizing animals when necessary.
  • Checked Providing preventive care to maintain the health of livestock.
  • Checked Performing diagnostic tests such as X-ray, EKG, ultrasound etc.

What are the specialisations in Veterinary Sciences?

Animal breeding involves the selective breeding of domestic animals with the intention to maintain or enhance desirable (and heritable) qualities in the next generation.
Veterinary Gynecology & Obstetrics specialists provide medical care related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.
Veterinary Surgery & Radiology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of injury, deformity and disease of pets and other animals with a variety of medical equipment, including surgical tools, X-rays and ultrasound machines.
Livestock production and management deals with the diagnosis, preventive care and treatment of injuries and diseases in animals that are raised for food and other products.
Veterinary pathologists study diseases in animals through the examination of animal tissue and body fluids.

How to become a Veterinarian?

Step 1
Take Science Stream with Physics, Chemistry, Biology / Biotechnology and English (as a core course)

To be eligible for joining any of the veterinary medicine course, aspiring candidates should have passed their 10 + 2 with English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology or Biotechnology as main subjects with at least 50% marks.

Step 2
Take B.V.Sc. & A.H ( Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry)

Admission to B.V.Sc & A.H degree courses are made on the basis NEET-UG ranks. The duration of B.V.Sc. & A.H degree course is five and a half years including a compulsory rotating internship of one year duration.

Step 3
Take M.V.Sc (Master of Veterinary Science)

M.V.Sc is a 2 year full time course. Admission to M.V.Sc programs is done on the basis of an all India Competitive Examination conducted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR).

There are a wide range of specialisations in M.V.Sc like Animal Genetics & Breeding,Livestock Production and Management,, Veterinary Gynaecology, Obstetrics & A.I., Veterinary Public Health, Veterinary Microbiology, Veterinary Pathology, Veterinary Surgery & Radiology.

National Diploma at IVRI

To meet the requirements and growing demands of the field, Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) offers a 'National Diploma Course’ of 10 months duration in multiple fields like Animal Husbandry (NDAH), Animal Reproduction (NDAR),Preventive Veterinary Medicines (NDPVM) etc.

Veterinary Sciences Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in veterinary sciences

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (For admission into M.V.Sc at Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly)

  • A Bachelors in veterinary science (BVSc) with a minimum of 60% marks in aggregate or equivalent CGPA.
  • On the basis of an All India Competitive Examination conducted by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAr).

Foreign (For Admission into M.Sc Animal Biosciences From University of Edinburgh, UK)

  • A degree in Veterinary medicine (BVM&S) or equivalent.
  • 60% or more in bachelor's study from a highly ranked Indian University.
  • English Language qualification with one amongst the following.

    IELTS Academic: total 6.5 (at least 6.0 in each module)


    IELTS Academic: total 6.5 (at least 6.0 in each module)

  • Relevant CV
  • Two academic letters of recommendation
  • A statement of purpose

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication Skill

The veterinary doctor must have good communication skills to know the concerns of pet owners about the illness of the animals. It also helps the doctor to understand the behavioral changes of the animals which will ease the curative measures.


The best Veterinary doctor knows how to engage with pet owners in a genuine and respectful way. You must be able to interact with people from all walks of life and help them feel comfortable. The doctor often encounters clients that are worried, or distraught about the health condition of their pets.

Good observation capacity

You should derive the conclusion about the illness through microscopic observation and listening to pet owners.

Intellectual (Conceptual, Integrative, and Quantitative) capacity

Problem solving, a critical skill of veterinarians, requires that a candidate be able to obtain, retrieve, analyze, integrate and synthesize information from multiple sources efficiently and accurately.


  • Checked Veterinary Hospitals
  • Checked Dairy Industries
  • Checked Wildlife sanctuaries
  • Checked Zoological parks
  • Checked Animal Husbandry Department
  • Checked Animal Research Centres
  • Checked Artificial Insemination companies