As a soil scientist, you’ll be an expert researching on soil and soil related information for the purpose of resolving soil management issues.
A soil scientist explores and seeks to understand the properties of soil as a natural resource. They study the formation, mapping, and classification of soils and its characteristics. They also focus on soil conservation and determine the most effective and productive use of soil in agriculture and use their expertise in the reclamation of soil in an environmentally responsible way.
Studying science stream with preferably geography as a subject at the 10+2 level and securing a minimum score in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission into bachelor degree courses in Soil Sciences.
The undergraduate level course in this area BSc. Agriculture. You can either go for a B.Sc. in Agriculture or a B.Sc. in Geology. The duration of the courses is usually three years.
After completing the UG degree, you can pursue an MSc. in Agriculture and Soil Science in India or abroad. There are other specialisations on offer depending upon the institution.
After pursuing master’s, you can directly go for an MPhil or PhD to brighten your prospects of building a career in the academia.
Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture
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A soil scientist must possess strong technical knowledge in their field of work, including the fundamentals of the subject, physical properties of soils, and their spatial and temporal variability across landscapes.
A soil scientist requires strong oral and verbal communication skills as they will have to prepare reports, provide feedbacks, etc.
A soil scientist should have a proper knowledge on how to apply logical/scientific reasoning in order arrive at possible solutions. They should also be familiar with the different scientific methods and other tools that soil scientists use in their work.
Soil scientists are required to focus for hours on large amounts of data. During the process, they will have to compile information, analyse them, anticipate changes and find answers to various problems.