social sciences and humanities

Social science is a field where scientific methods are used to investigate and analyse the social behaviour of humans under economic, political and cultural contexts. Humanities is more or less the study of how people express, process and document the human experience. Combined together, Social Sciences and Humanities tries to devise solutions to the complex problems that come out of the relationships between humans, society and the environment.

What are the various disciplines in Social Sciences and Humanities?


Anthropology is the scientific study of humans and their ancestors focusing on how they behave, adapt to different environments, and communicate with each other.


Archaeology, or archeology, is the scientific study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of physical remains.

Cultural or Religious Studies

Cultural studies is a field that investigates the ways in which culture creates and transforms individual experiences, everyday life, social relations and power.

Development Studies

Development studies is a multidisciplinary field that examines the social, economic, and political changes that humanity goes through.

Gender Studies

Gender studies is a field of interdisciplinary study devoted to gender identity and gender representation as central focuses of its analysis.


Geography is the study of diverse environments and the relationships between people. Geographers explore both the physical properties of the earth’s surface and the human societies spread across it.


History is the study of the human past, particularly people and events of the past as it is described in the written documents that has been left behind.

Language Studies

Language Studies is designed to equip one with the competence in the use of a specific language and at the same time provide an understanding of the general nature of human language and its structure.


Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline.

Political Science

Political science is the systematic study on the theory and practice of government and politics at the local, state, national, and international levels by the application of empirical and scientific methods of analysis.


Psychology is the scientific study of the human mind and behavior.

Public Administration

Public administration is the study of how public agencies of administration can be made to function effectively.


Sociology is the study of human society, its origins, functions, and problems. It focuses on relations among people, groups, classes, organizations, and cultures.

Main Admission/Entrance exams for Social Sciences and Humanities

Name of Exam Institutions Languages Application Period Exam Dates Website
Undergraduate - (UG)
HSEE IIT Madras English December- January April last week
Jamia Millia Islamia entrance test Jamia Millia Islamia English March-April May last week
UET (Undergraduate entrance test) Banaras Hindu University English, Hindi February- March May second week
AMU Entrance Exam Aligarh University English. Hindi January- February April first week
UoH - Written entrance test University of Hyderabad English April-May June first week
Postgraduate - (PG)
CUCET Ten Central universities across India English March-April May last week
JNU entrance exam Jawaharlal Nehru university English February - March May
AMU entrance exam Aligarh Muslim University English January-February April first week

What would help you build a good profile for admission at the UG level?

Stream to Choose at +2 level:

Although selecting a specific stream is not a prerequisite for admission into bachelor degrees in Social sciences and Humanities disciplines, it is obviously better to take the Humanities streams since it will help the students to have a better understanding of the subjects that they will study later in college.

Subjects to focus:

Admissions to the top colleges and universities in this field are based on the aggregate score of a select number of courses at the plus two level. To get admitted to some colleges for specific courses, even a 95% score might not suffice. So students should try to score as much as possible in all their subjects

Some skills to acquire:

In the Social Sciences and Humanities field, during college or even later during your career, it is very crucial to be a good reader and be able to express your ideas in a lucid manner through the written word and speech. So try to inculcate a habit of reading widely and work on developing your language skills at least in English.

Minimum marks:

Since admissions to some of the top universities are based on the plus two score, it is necessary to score really well in the exams. Otherwise getting admission to a good college won’t be possible.


Name Eligibility Website
Undergraduate - (UG)
IndusInd Foundation Scholarship Students studying in undergraduate and post-graduate courses (full-time/part-time degree/diploma/ courses) who due to personal/family crises are unable to continue bearing the cost of education and are at risk of dropping out of school/college/university.
Kerala Central Sector Scheme of Scholarship Students who are above 80 percentile of successful candidates in the relevant stream from the respective Board of Examination in Class XII of 10+2 pattern or equivalent.
State Merit Scholarship, Kerala Applicant must have scored 50% or above in the qualifying examination and the annual family income must not be more than Rs 1 Lakh.
Dhirubhai Ambani Scholarship Awarded to a top few meritorious students who meets the following criteria as well
  • Student must not be above 20 years of age as on 30th April of the year he/she appears for the Standard XIIth Examination and his/her family income must not be more than Rs. 4.50 lakhs per annum. However preference will be given to those students whose family income are lesser than Rs. 2.50 lakhs per annum.
People’s Foundation Scholarship Scholarship will be provided for regular courses in media studies, management studies, social sciences studies and legal studies.
Postgraduate - (PG)
J. N. Tata Endowment awards (Loan Scholarship) The J. N. Tata Endowment awards a one-time loan scholarship to Indian nationals only at the beginning of the course for full time Postgraduate/Ph.D./Postdoctoral studies/Research Fellowships studies abroad, in all fields. Applicants should be graduates of a recognised Indian University and have secured at least 60% in their last academic examination.
Post-Graduate Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Single Girl Child for PG Programs Age limit: Girl students up to the age of 30 years at the time of admission in PG courses are eligible. The scheme is applicable to a single girl child who has taken admission in regular, full time first year master’s Degree course in any designated university or a post graduate college. This scholarship is available to PG I-year student only.

Future of Social Sciences and Humanities

According to the World Economic Forum report on the Future of Jobs, there is a high demand for overall social skills in almost all industries in the future. The skills like persuasion, emotional intelligence, processing skills, critical thinking, creativity, reasoning will be highly regarded. Although technological advancements will go on to redefine the various roles that graduates in social sciences and humanities take up now, their educational background that imparts them with these qualities would open up new opportunities for them.

Other Career Areas

Media and Communication

Social science graduates can easily move into roles where they would be involved in the development of different types of content for the print, visual and social media.

Education and Training

There are opportunities in the education and training field for social science and humanities graduates in various colleges and universities. Higher educational qualifications like M.Phil or PhD would be a necessity for ensuring career progression in this area. In the future, the educational qualification requirements for teachers and professors would become more stringent as governments are trying to implement various measures for improving the quality of the country’s education systems.

Government Services

Social science and humanities graduates could enter into government jobs and civil services through the various competitive exams conducted by the public service commissions.

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