As an archaeologist, you’ll specialise on examining the material remains of the past in order to study human history and prehistory.

What do archaeologists do?

Archaeologists are social scientists who work for government archaeological agencies, historic site preservation organisations or museums to study artifacts including tools, cave paintings, building ruins and pottery that are left behind by earlier civilisations. They engage in analysing the excavated remains and preserving them. They help the public to develop a picture of how people lived in earlier cultures and societies.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Having site discussions with the crew
  • Checked Checking weather forecasts
  • Checked Checking the proper safety gears and necessary equipment
  • Checked Doing extensive research and preparing archaeological assessments
  • Checked Taking part in or conducting excavations
  • Checked Clearing the foundations of demolition rubble using mechanical excavator
  • Checked Using picks, buckets, trowels, shovels and wheelbarrows for excavation
  • Checked Extracting significant archaeological items like crockery, underfloor deposits, needles, toys etc
  • Checked Identifying artifacts by checking books, catalogues and previous excavation reports
  • Checked Analyzing the data, writing reports, and interpreting findings for the public

What job roles can an archaeologist take up?

Ethno archaeologists conduct systematic studies of the present day societies and cultures for archeological reasons.
Archaeological heritage managers are responsible for identifying, protecting, managing and preserving the material remains of the past.
Archivists are responsible for organising, maintaining and providing access to documents that have historical importance.
Museum curators manage, organise and display the artifacts in a museum.
Conservators preserve and restore artifacts for future study and research by ensuring proper light, temperature and humidity.
Museum education officers are responsible for providing accurate and interesting information to the visitors about the collections in the museum.

How to become an Archaeologist?

Step 1
Take Humanities Stream at the plus two level

Studying humanities stream with history as a major subject will enable you to have a primary understanding in the discipline of Archaeology.

Step 2
Take B.A. Archaeology

The common course offered at the UG level in this area is B.A. Archaeology. The duration of the course is usually three years.

Note : B.A. History

Bachelor’s in history is also a sufficient eligibility for pursuing a master’s degree in Archaeology.

Step 3
Take M.A. Archaeology

After completing UG, you can go for an MA in Archaeology. The duration of the course is two years.

Step 4
Go for doctoral studies

After pursuing master’s, you can go for an MPhil or PhD if your profile (including projects, research papers, and internships) and research proposal is excellent.

Archaeology Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MA) in archaeology

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

Indian (For admission into M.A. in A.I.H.C( Ancient Indian History Culture & Archaeology) at Deccan College)

  • A relevant bachelor’s degree, with Ancient Indian History, Culture and / or Archaeology /History / Sanskrit / Prakrit / Pali / Anthropology / Geography / Fine Arts /Architecture.
  • A minimum of 55% marks or its equivalent.
  • On the basis of merit in the Common Entrance Test(CET).
  • Final selection based on interview.

Foreign (For Admission into MSc Digital Archaeology at the University of York)

  • At least a 2:1 undergraduate degree or its equivalent. (Approximately a minimum of 60% marks)
  • 6.5, with a minimum of 6.5 in writing and no less than 6.0 in all other components in IELTS


    87, with a minimum of 23 in writing and a minimum of 21 in all other components in TOEFL.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Physical fitness

The physical strength and endurance of archaeologists come under test during excavations. Therefore it’s important for them to be physically in shape.

Attention to detail

Archaeologists need to pay meticulous attention to detail during excavations in different sites as they would not want to miss out on any artifacts which is of archaeological value.

Technical skills

Archaeologists need to familiarise themselves with the use of different survey equipment and they also need to be capable of producing useful photographs. Being technically sound would help archaeologists to be more effective on their job.

Research skills

Archaeologists follow a methodical pattern in their work by analyzing data and planning projects. Extensive research in the background is required for excavations to turn out as effective.

Team work

The ability to cooperate in teams is vital for archaeologists as they may have to work with a large group of individuals for long and short durations as part of their projects.


  • Checked Museums
  • Checked Education
  • Checked Research
  • Checked Governmental Departments