As a geographer, you will study about the earth and its different aspects like the distribution of land, its inhabitants, and physical characteristics. Another area of focus would be the relation between human activities and the various phenomena on the earth.
Geographers mainly focus on the study of the earth’s environment and its relations to human society. They modify and create maps and other geographical data. They also combine economics, environment, and politics with geographical data and help government and other agencies to formulate policies and plans.
Studying any stream at the plus two level will be a sufficient eligibility for pursuing geography courses. But it is better to choose Science or Humanities stream with Geography as a major subject and securing a minimum score in all the subjects would be a prerequisite for admission to good institutions in this field.
The most prominent undergraduate level courses in this area is B.A/B.Sc. Geography. The duration of both the degrees are three years.
IIT Madras offers a 5 year integrated program in Developmental Studies. Students are selected through the Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE) conducted by IIT Madras every year in the month of May. Minimum educational qualification for this program is 60% marks (General Category) in 10+2 or equivalent examination.
After completing the UG course, you can pursue an M.A/MSc. in Geography in India or abroad. The duration of these PG level courses are two years.
After pursuing Master’s you can directly go for a PhD if your profile (including projects, research papers, and internships) and research proposal is excellent.
Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture
To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here
Geographers report their findings in the written form or in oral presentations at industry events. So good communication skills are very important for a geographer.
Geographers analyze information and spatial data coming from a variety of sources. They should have the ability to draw meaningful conclusions from the analysis of these data.
Geographers work with high-tech geographical information systems that let them gather, store and study maps and spatial information. And additionally, to collect facts and figures that might be required in their work, they need to know how to get into computerized databases, such as census reports and satellite-imagery sets.
Geographers make and manipulate maps on the computer to understand land and population patterns, as well as development trends and processes. They have to be able to translate mapped features into a three-dimensional picture in mind, and understand how those features blend with the surrounding landscapes.