As a geographer, you will study about the earth and its different aspects like the distribution of land, its inhabitants, and physical characteristics. Another area of focus would be the relation between human activities and the various phenomena on the earth.

What do geographers do?

Geographers mainly focus on the study of the earth’s environment and its relations to human society. They modify and create maps and other geographical data. They also combine economics, environment, and politics with geographical data and help government and other agencies to formulate policies and plans.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Create and modify maps, graphs, diagrams, or other visual representations of geographic data
  • Checked Analyze the geographic distribution of physical and cultural characteristics
  • Checked Use geographic information system (GIS) technology to collect, analyze, and display data
  • Checked Assist, advise, or lead others in using geographic data
  • Checked Conduct anthropological or archaeological research
  • Checked Provide consulting services in fields such as resource development and management, business location and market area analysis, environmental hazards, regional and cultural history, and urban social planning

What job roles can a geographer take up?

A cartographer will be engaged in developing and producing maps using various scientific and technological tools and methods. The maps may be presented in charts, spreadsheets, or in the form of conventional maps.
A planning and development surveyor advices on aspects of planning and development in all sectors. They also give critical informations about investments and related aspects.
A town planner engages in the development and management of cities, towns, villages etc. A town planner would also try to create and maintain a balance in the distribution of land for housing, agriculture and recreation purposes in the process of development .
A planning and development surveyor would deal with properties in both private and public sector. Main activities are purchasing, selling, valuing and surveying the properties.

How to become a geographer?

Step 1
Take Science or Humanities Stream with preferably Geography

Studying any stream at the plus two level will be a sufficient eligibility for pursuing geography courses. But it is better to choose Science or Humanities stream with Geography as a major subject and securing a minimum score in all the subjects would be a prerequisite for admission to good institutions in this field.

Step 2
Take B.Sc. Geography/B.A. Geography

The most prominent undergraduate level courses in this area is B.A/B.Sc. Geography. The duration of both the degrees are three years.

Note :Integrated MA Developmental Studies at IIT-M

IIT Madras offers a 5 year integrated program in Developmental Studies. Students are selected through the Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE) conducted by IIT Madras every year in the month of May. Minimum educational qualification for this program is 60% marks (General Category) in 10+2 or equivalent examination.

Step 3
Take M.A/M.Sc. Geography

After completing the UG course, you can pursue an M.A/MSc. in Geography in India or abroad. The duration of these PG level courses are two years.

Step 4
Go for doctoral level studies

After pursuing Master’s you can directly go for a PhD if your profile (including projects, research papers, and internships) and research proposal is excellent.

Geography Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MA) in geography

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (For MA in Geography from JNU)

  • Bachelor's degree in any discipline securing at least 45 percent marks in aggregate.
  • Admission is based on the rank in the entrance exam conducted by the university.

Foreign (For MA in Geography from University of California (UCLA))

  • Undergraduate degree with a major in geography or a related field.
  • Attained at least a 3.3 grade-point average (GPA)
  • TOEFL (TOEFL iBT), Writing: 25, Speaking: 24, Reading: 21, Listening: 17
  • IELTS Academic overall band score should be at least 7.0.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication skills

Geographers report their findings in the written form or in oral presentations at industry events. So good communication skills are very important for a geographer.

Analytical skills

Geographers analyze information and spatial data coming from a variety of sources. They should have the ability to draw meaningful conclusions from the analysis of these data.

Computer Skills

Geographers work with high-tech geographical information systems that let them gather, store and study maps and spatial information. And additionally, to collect facts and figures that might be required in their work, they need to know how to get into computerized databases, such as census reports and satellite-imagery sets.

Spatial Reasoning

Geographers make and manipulate maps on the computer to understand land and population patterns, as well as development trends and processes. They have to be able to translate mapped features into a three-dimensional picture in mind, and understand how those features blend with the surrounding landscapes.


  • Checked Government Services
  • Checked Engineering and Construction
  • Checked Environmental Consultancies
  • Checked Utility (electricity,water,gas,oil) Companies