Political Science

As a political scientist, you will involve in the studies of governance, policies, institutions, law, strategies, war etc. You will also engage in the discussions on different ideologies, socio political events, and ideas like class, caste, groups, power and agency.

What does a Political Scientist do?

A Political scientist studies the origin, development, and operation of political systems and analyse political activities, thoughts, and behavior. They deal extensively with the theory and practice of politics and study about the distribution of power and resources. They also conduct research on political ideas and political trends.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Review literature and academic works to maintain and develop professional knowledge
  • Checked Develop and test theories using information from interviews, newspapers, periodicals, historical papers, polls, or statistical sources
  • Checked Collect, analyze, and interpret data such as election results and public opinion surveys
  • Checked Interpret and analyze policies, public issues, legislation, and the operations of governments, businesses, and organizations
  • Checked Researching and presenting reports to the public

What areas can a political scientist specialise in?

Political thought is also called political philosophy and it is a branch of political science which studies the questions of power, justice, rights, law and other issues pertaining to governance.
It is one of the most popular branches of political science which deals with international politics, relationships between nation states, and economics and law on a global level.
It is a discipline which focuses on sociology, political economy, social policy, program evaluation, policy analysis, and public management, and their application in governmental administration, management, and operations.
It is a branch of political science which deals with the questions of power, hierarchy and agency in understanding the social exclusion and marginalisation of underprivileged communities/groups in the society.
Public administration is a discipline which is concerned with the study of the implementation of government policies and it prepares civil servants for working in the public service.
The field of human rights is all about the protection, promotion and enforcement of the most fundamental and basic rights inherent to all people.

How to become a political scientist?

Step 1
Take humanities stream with political science at the plus two level

Taking humanities stream with political science or any other stream at the +2 level and securing a good score in these subjects would make you eligible for admission into undergraduate level courses in political science.

Step 2
Take BA Political science

The common Course offered at the UG level in this area is BA political science. You can either do a BA in political science of three years duration or an Integrated MA. in political science which will take five years to complete.

Step 3
Take M.A. Political science

After completing the UG degree, you can go for an MA in political science, the duration of which is two years.

Step 4
M Phil and PhD

After pursuing a master’s in political science, you can go for an M.Phil or a PhD in a topic related to political science. PhD admissions would depend on your profile including research papers, projects and theses. Pursuing doctoral level studies will enable you to take up a career in the academia.

Political Science Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MA) in political science

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (For MA in Political Science from Ramjas College, Delhi University)

  • B.A. with 50% marks from the University of Delhi or any other Universities.
  • Entrance Exam for students from other universities and direct admission for University of Delhi students.

Foreign (MSc in Political Science from University of Leeds, United Kingdom)

  • A bachelor degree with 3+1 (hons) or a non-UK equivalent in a social science, humanities, or other related discipline.
  • English Language Proficiency: IELTS: an overall score of 6.5 or TOEFL: an overall score of 87.
  • Details of two referees.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication Skills

Political scientists will have to communicate their ideas clearly and efficiently in a variety of mediums through listening, clarifying, and responding effectively.

Critical thinking and analytical skills

Political scientists will have to analyze complex information on various social, cultural and political phenomena and formulate critical observations and inferences.

Academic research skills

Research skills are required to develop independent understanding of texts, concepts and theories and to prepare research material with the correct use of academic citations and referencing.

Research Skills

Political scientists should have a good research acumen in order to be able to gather the right information from various sources and then make useful inferences using various research methods and statistical techniques.

Interpersonal & Teamwork Skills

Establishing good relations with the people they work with as well as respecting individual differences is a very much needed skill for a political scientist to ensure their career growth.


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